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Based on an inverted bulk band order, antimony thin films presumably could become topological insulators if quantum confinement effect opens up a gap in the bulk bands. Coupling between topological surface states (TSS) from opposite surfaces, however, tends to degrade or even destroy their novel characters. Here the evolution and coupling of TSS on Sb(111)(More)
Group Va elements all possess allotropes of a two-dimensional puckered lattice structure, with phosphorene as a paradigm. By investigating their band structure evolution, we predict two types of Dirac fermion states emerging in the low-energy spectrum. One pair of (type-I) Dirac points is sitting on high-symmetry lines while two pairs of (type-II) Dirac(More)
We report the first-principle study on the recovery and linearization of Dirac cones in the electronic band structures of a few bilayer Sb(111) films (n-BL Sb) by surface modification. Due to the interaction between the surface states on the two surfaces of a free-standing film, the distorted Dirac cone in n-BL Sb(111) (n < 5) disappears. We demonstrate(More)
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