Learn More
20(S)-protopanaxadiol (PPD(S)) and 20(R)-protopanaxadiol (PPD(R)), the main metabolites of ginsenosides Rg3(S) and Rg3(R) in black ginseng, are potential candidates for anti-cancer therapy due to their pharmacological activities such as anti-tumor properties. In the present study, we report the preparation of PPD(S, R) by a combination of steaming and(More)
BACKGROUND Trans-free interesterified fat was produced for possible usage as a spreadable margarine stock. Rice bran oil, palm stearin and coconut oil were used as substrates for lipase-catalyzed reaction. RESULTS After interesterification, 137-150 g kg(-1) medium-chain fatty acid was incorporated into the triacylglycerol (TAG) of the interesterified(More)
To investigate the anti-obesity effects of escins extracted from the seeds of Aesculus turbinata BLUME, anti-obesity models in vitro and in vivo were employed. In a preliminary experiment, different solvent fractions of Aesculus turbinata BlUME as well as two isolated compounds were tested for their effects on pancreatic lipase (PL) in vitro. Subsequently,(More)
To optimize ginsenosides hydrolyzing beta-glucosidase production from Aspergillus niger, response surface methodology was carried out in two stages. The Plackett-Burman design was achieved to screen the important variables that influence beta-glucosidase production. Among 10 variables (wheat bran, soybean powder, CaCl(2), ginsenosides, KH(2)PO(4), MgSO(4),(More)
In this paper, a novel Bayesian-Gaussian neural network (BGNN) is proposed and applied to on-line modeling of a hydraulic turbine system (HTS). The new BGNN takes account of the complex nonlinear characteristics of HTS. Two redefined training procedures of the BGNN include the off-line training of the threshold matrix parameters, optimized by swarm(More)
Ginsenoside compound K (CK) is a bioactive compound with poor oral bioavailability due to its high polarity, while its novel ester prodrugs, the butyl and octyl ester (CK-B and CK-O), are more lipophilic than the original drug and have an excellent bioavailability. The aim of this study was to examine the transport mechanisms of CK, CK-B, and CK-O using(More)
In the present study, zero-trans α-linolenic acid (ALA) and medium-chain fatty acids (MCFA)-enriched plastic fats were synthesized through enzymatic interesterification reactions from highly hydrogenated soybean oil (HSO), Cinnamomum camphora seed oil (CCSO), and perilla oil (PO). The reactions were performed by incubating the blending mixtures of HSO,(More)
Reports have shown that Delta-5 polyunsaturated fatty acids (-5 PUFA) are enriched at sn-1,3 positions of triacylglycerols (TAG) in pine (Pinus koraiensis) nut oil (Pn). As a major Delta-5 PUFA, pinolenic acid (Pi) is about 14.2% in the oil, while the percentage of Pi at the sn-1 and/or sn-3 positions in TAG was found more than 20%. In this current study,(More)
Ginsenoside Rh2 and its octyl ester derivative (Rh2-O) were investigated for their transcellular transport in the Caco-2 cell system and their protective effect against oxidative stress in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Results showed that the transport rates for apical-to-basolateral (AP-BL) flux of Rh2 (0.21 × 10⁻⁶ cm/s) was enhanced by(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs9390754 and rs4840200, in the glutamate receptor 2 (GRIK2) gene and the genetic susceptibility to epilepsy (EP) in the Han population in Central China. METHODS A case-control study was performed in 284 EP children (including 132 children with refractory(More)