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Structural modification of a compound discovered during screening using an HRE-dependent reporter assay has revealed a novel class of HIF-1 inhibitors, which potently inhibit the HIF-1alpha protein accumulation and its target gene expression under hypoxic conditions in human hepatocellular carcinoma Hep3B cells.
The nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) transcription factors control many physiological processes including inflammation, immunity, apoptosis, and angiogenesis. In our search for NF-κB inhibitors from natural resources, we identified amorfrutin A as an inhibitor of NF-κB activation from the fruits of Amorpha fruticosa L. In present study, this compound significantly(More)
Liver X receptors (LXRs)-mediated signals in acanthoic acid (AA) ameliorating liver fibrosis were examined in carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced mice and TGF-β stimulated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). AA was isolated from the root of Acanthopanax koreanum Nakai (Araliaceae). CCl4-treated mice were intraperitoneally injected with 10% CCl4 in olive oil (2(More)
The hepatoprotective effects of sarmentosin-containing extracts of Sedum sarmentosum (SS) in D-galactosamine (D-GalN) / lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced fulminant hepatic failure mouse model. Pretreatment with SS markedly protected mice from lethal liver injury, which has known to be associated with an abrupt elevation of serum tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α(More)
Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) and the signaling pathways that regulate its activity have become a focal point for intense drug discovery and development efforts. NF-kappaB regulates the transcription of a large number of genes, particularly those involved in immune, inflammatory, and antiapoptotic responses. In our search for NF-kappaB inhibitors from(More)
BACKGROUND Cryptopleurine, a phenanthroquinolizidine alkaloid, was known to exhibit anticancer activity; however, the underlying mechanism is poorly understood. Because the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) transcription factors control many physiological processes including inflammation, immunity, and development and progression of cancer, we investigated the(More)
In recent studies of microRNA expression, miR-133a deregulation was identified in colorectal carcinoma (CRC). However, the mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis and progression of CRC are poorly understood. We found that miR-133a expression was usually down-regulated in CRC cell lines and tissue specimens. Ectopic miR-133a expression inhibited cell(More)
Ethanol consumption leads to many kinds of liver injury and suppresses innate immunity, but the molecular mechanisms have not been fully delineated. The present study was conducted to determine whether betulinic acid (BA) or betulin (BT) would ameliorate acute ethanol-induced fatty liver in mice, and to characterize whether Toll like receptor 4 (TLR4) and(More)
The NF-κB transcription factors control many physiological processes, including inflammation, immunity, and apoptosis. Its activity contributes to the development of various cell malignancies. NF-κB-inducing kinase (NIK) plays a pivotal role in NF-κB activation. However, the molecular mechanism to stabilize and activate NIK remains elusive, although it is(More)
LIM and SH3 protein 1 (LASP-1) plays a significant role in the formation of several malignant tumours. However, the biological and clinical significances of LASP-1 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain largely unknown. Using immunohistochemistry, we analysed LASP-1 expression in 144 clinicopathologically characterised HCC cases. Using gene and(More)