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During development, neurotrophins help shape the nervous system by regulating neuronal survival and differentiation. Neurotrophin-3 (refs 1-5) is the most abundant neurotrophin during early development. Neurons responsive to neurotrophin-3 in vitro include primary sensory, sympathetic, motor, enteric, locus coeruleus, hippocampal and cerebellar neurons(More)
Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) are interposed between enteric neurons and smooth muscle cells in gastrointestinal muscles. The role of intramuscular ICC (IC-IM) in mediating enteric excitatory neural inputs was studied using gastric fundus muscles of wild-type animals and W/W(v) mutant mice, which lack IC-IM. Excitatory motor neurons, labeled with(More)
trkB encodes a receptor tyrosine kinase activated by three neurotrophins--brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), neurotrophin-3, and neurotrophin-4/5. In vivo, three isoforms of the receptor are generated by differential splicing--gp145trkB or the full-length trkB receptor, and trkB.T1 and trkB.T2, two cytoplasmically truncated receptors that lack(More)
1. Voltage-gated whole cell Ca2+ currents have been investigated in olfactory bulb (OB) output neurons acutely isolated from neonatal rats. 2. Identification of OB output neurons, mitral or tufted cells, was based on morphology and size and validated by their retrograde labeling with rhodamine or Fast Blue. Of labeled neurons, 45% exhibited either phasic or(More)
Recent studies have suggested that enteric inhibitory neurotransmission is mediated via interstitial cells of Cajal in some gastrointestinal tissues. This study describes the physical relationships between enteric neurons and interstitial cells of Cajal in the deep muscular plexus (IC-DMP) of the guinea-pig small intestine. c-Kit and vimentin were(More)
Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) are interposed between enteric neurons and smooth muscle cells in gastrointestinal (GI) muscles. The specific relationships between these cells in the murine proximal colon were studied with conventional and immunoelectron microscopy and immunohistochemistry. Intramuscular interstitial cells (IC-IM) formed discrete networks(More)
1. Voltage-gated whole-cell K+ currents have been investigated in olfactory bulb (OB) output (mitral/tufted) neurones from neonatal rats, which were retrogradely labelled by rhodamine or Fast Blue and identified after enzymatic dissociation. Forty-five per cent of labelled neurones exhibited either phasic or non-phasic spontaneous firing in cell-attached(More)
Central memory T lymphocytes were reported to develop after acute but not chronic infection, which prompted this feasibility study on generating long-term CD8 T cells ex vivo, by applying a culture condition that simulates an acute infection. During 35 d of culture, naive T cells (CD45RA(+), CD127(+), CCR7(+), CD62L(+), CXCR3(+)) first developed into(More)
A method is described for gaining access to the basolateral membranes of confluent Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells by surgical reflection of the cell layer overlying fluid-filled domes. Single-channel recordings from cell-attached inside-out and outside-out configurations revealed two K+ channels located in the basal membranes of the highly(More)
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