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Previous research in wireless ad hoc networks typically assumes the use of omnidirectional antennas at all nodes. With omnidirectional antennas, while two nodes are communicating using a given channel, MAC protocols such as IEEE 802.11 require all other nodes in the vicinity to stay silent. With directional antennas, two pairs of nodes located in each(More)
This paper proposes a vehicle-to-vehicle communication protocol for cooperative collision warning. Emerging wireless technologies for vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-roadside (V2R) communications such as DSRC are promising to dramatically reduce the number of fatal roadway accidents by providing early warnings. One major technical challenge(More)
We investigate the possibility of using directional antennas for medium access control in wireless ad hoc networks. Previous research in ad hoc networks typically assumes the use of omnidirectional antennas at all nodes. With omnidirectional antennas, while two nodes are communicating using a given channel, MAC protocols such as IEEE 802.11 require all(More)
The aggregate throughput of a wireless ad hoc network depends on the channel capacity, channel utilization (i.e., the fraction of channel capacity used for generating good put), and the concurrent transmissions allowed in the network. While channel utilization is determined by MAC overhead, physical carrier sense has been used as an effective way to avoid(More)
Ad hoc networks formed without the aid of any established infrastructure are typically multi-hop networks. Location dependent contention and "hidden terminal" problem make priority scheduling in multi-hop networks significantly different from that in wireless LANs. Most of the prior work related to priority scheduling addresses issues in wireless LANs. In(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relative abundance and activities of Th17 cells and natural Treg cells in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS Blood samples were collected from 50 adult patients with SLE. Samples were processed to detect Th17 cells and natural Treg cells by flow cytometry, and related gene expression was assessed by real-time reverse(More)
We present the results, experiences and lessons learned from comparing a diverse set of technical approaches to indoor localization during the 2014 Microsoft Indoor Localization Competition. 22 different solutions to indoor localization from different teams around the world were put to test in the same unfamiliar space over the course of 2 days, allowing us(More)
Energy saving is a critical task for sensor networks with limited energy supply. Wakeup schemes that turn off sensors' radio when communication is not necessary have great potential in energy saving. However, existing wakeup schemes encounter critical tradeoffs between energy saving and wakeup latency, and little attention has been paid to reducing the(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), the major stem cells for cell therapy, have been used in the clinic for approximately 10 years. From animal models to clinical trials, MSCs have afforded promise in the treatment of numerous diseases, mainly tissue injury and immune disorders. In this review, we summarize the recent opinions on methods, timing and cell sources(More)