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Recent advances in bioinformatics and the significant increase in computational power available to researchers have made it possible to make better use of the vast amounts of genetic data that has been collected over the last two decades. As the uses of genetic data expand to include drug discovery and development of gene-based therapies, bioinformatics is(More)
In a microbial bioelectrochemical system (BES) living microorganisms catalyze the anodic oxidation of organic matter at a low anode potential. We used a BES with a biological anode to power the cathodic recovery of Cu, Pb, Cd, and Zn from a simulated municipal solid waste incineration ash leachate. By varying the control of the BES, the four metals could(More)
Expressed sequence tags (ESTs) are short transcribed nucleotide sequences that can be used to discover new genes and measuring gene expression. Because individual ESTs are short and error-prone, ESTs must first be clustered to be useful. In this paper, we describe ESTmapper, a new tool for clustering EST sequences based on efficiently mapping ESTs to the(More)
For centuries, traditional agricultural systems have contributed to food and livelihood security throughout the world. Recognizing the ecological legacy in the traditional agricultural systems may help us develop novel sustainable agriculture. We examine how rice-fish coculture (RF), which has been designated a "globally important agricultural heritage(More)
In this paper, a scalable architecture is presented which can generate and radiate reconfigurable periodic waveforms in free-space with picosecond time-widths. This is achieved by allowing radiated electromagnetic-fields of fundamental and multiple harmonic frequencies to combine in free-space with the right amplitudes and delays, and quasi-optically(More)
In this study, a bioelectrochemical reactor was investigated for simultaneous hydrogen production and ammonium recovery from reject water, which is an ammonium-rich side-stream produced from sludge treatment processes at wastewater treatment plants. In the anode chamber of the reactor, microorganisms converted organic material into electrical current. The(More)
Paper-based transparent flexible thin film supercapacitors were fabricated using CNF-[RGO]n hybrid paper as an electrode material and charge collector. Owing to the self-anti-stacking of distorted RGO nanosheets and internal electrolyte nanoscale-reservoirs, the device exhibited good electrochemical performance (about 1.73 mF cm(-2)), and a transmittance of(More)
An easy-to-prepare chemosensor, 2-(4-formylphenyl)phenanthroimidazole 1, synthesized by facile one-step condensation under microwave irradiation, has been indicated to be a colorimetric and fluorometric probe for fluoride anion with good sensitivity and high selectivity. This probe shows obvious red shift and absorbance intensity changes in UV absorption(More)
Multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1) belongs to ATP-binding cassette transporters family. The overexpression of MRP1 is predominantly related with the failure of chemo-radiotherapy in various tumors. However, its possible role in hypertrophic scar (HS) is hardly investigated. Here we showed that the mRNA level and protein expression of MRP1 were(More)
As the speed of mass spectrometers, sophistication of sample fractionation, and complexity of experimental designs increase, the volume of tandem mass spectra requiring reliable automated analysis continues to grow. Software tools that quickly, effectively, and robustly determine the peptide associated with each spectrum with high confidence are sorely(More)