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Aquaporin-4 (AQP4), a key molecule for maintaining water and ion homeostasis in the central nervous system, is expressed in adult neural stem cells (ANSCs) as well as astrocytes. However, little is known about the functions of AQP4 in the ANSCs in vitro. Here we show that AQP4 knockout inhibits the proliferation, survival, migration and neuronal(More)
Aquaporin 4 (AQP4) is a predominant water channel protein in mammalian brains, which is localized in the astrocyte plasma membrane. AQP4 has gained much attraction due to its involvement in the physiopathology of cerebral disorders including stroke, tumor, infection, hydrocephalus, epilepsy, and traumatic brain injury. But there is almost no evidence(More)
Mounting evidence reveals that ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channel openers (KCOs) exert significant neuroprotection in vivo and in vitro in several models of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the mechanisms are not well understood. In this study, we demonstrated that SH-SY5Y cells expressed mRNA and proteins for Kir6.1, Kir6.2, SUR1 and SUR2 subunits(More)
Neuroinflammation mediated by overactivated microglia plays a key role in many neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer’s disease (AD). In this study, we investigated for the first time the anti-neuroinflammatory effects and possible mechanisms of SCM-198 (an alkaloid extracted from Herbaleonuri), which was previously found highly cardioprotective,(More)
ATP-sensitive potassium (K-ATP) channels have been demonstrated to play important roles in the brain. In the present study, Kir6.2 knockout (Kir6.2-/-) mice were used to examine the contribution of Kir6.2-containing K-ATP channels to the regulation of neurotransmitter release via in vivo microdialysis studies. The results showed that the extracellular(More)
BACKGROUD The Piper laetispicum C.DC. (Piperaceae) is a traditionally used herb in China for invigorating circulation and reducing stasis, detumescence and analgesia, which is distributed in the southern part of China and the southeastern part of Asia. Previous studies demonstrated that the ethyl acetate extract (EAE-P) of P. laetispicum possesses a(More)
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