Xue-Rong Zhou

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Metabolic engineering of seed biosynthetic pathways to diversify and improve crop product quality is a highly active research area. The validation of genes driven by seed-specific promoters is time-consuming since the transformed plants must be grown to maturity before the gene function can be analysed. In this study we demonstrate that genes driven by(More)
Metabolic engineering of plants to express high levels of new fatty acids that are of nutritional and industrial importance has proven to be highly challenging. Significant advances have been made recently, however, particularly in the development of the first plant oils to contain long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, such as arachidonic acid,(More)
Acyl-CoA:lysophosphatidylcholine acyltransferase (LPCAT) enzymes have central roles in acyl editing of phosphatidylcholine (PC). Plant LPCAT genes were expressed in yeast and characterized biochemically in microsomal preparations of the cells. Specificities for different acyl-CoAs were similar for seven LPCATs from five different species, including species(More)
The application and nutritional value of vegetable oil is highly dependent on its fatty acid composition, especially the relative proportion of its two major fatty acids, i.e oleic acid and linoleic acid. Microsomal oleoyl phosphatidylcholine desaturase encoded by FAD2 gene is known to introduce a double bond at the Δ12 position of an oleic acid on(More)
The marine microalga Pavlova salina produces lipids containing approximately 50% omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) such as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). Three cDNA sequences, designated PsD4Des, PsD5Des, PsD8Des, were isolated from P. salina and shown to encode three front-end desaturases with Delta4,(More)
High biomass crops have recently attracted significant attention as an alternative platform for the renewable production of high energy storage lipids such as triacylglycerol (TAG). While TAG typically accumulates in seeds as storage compounds fuelling subsequent germination, levels in vegetative tissues are generally low. Here, we report the accumulation(More)
We have developed a transiently-expressed transposase (TET)-mediated Dissociation (Ds) insertional mutagenesis system for generating stable insertion lines in rice which will allow localized mutagenesis of a chromosomal region. In this system, a Ds containing T-DNA construct was used to produce Ds launch pad lines. Callus tissues, from single-copy Ds/T-DNA(More)
BACKGROUND Omega-3 long-chain (≥C(20)) polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω3 LC-PUFA) have critical roles in human health and development with studies indicating that deficiencies in these fatty acids can increase the risk or severity of cardiovascular and inflammatory diseases in particular. These fatty acids are predominantly sourced from fish and algal oils,(More)
Demonstration of the function of the Arabidopsis thaliana acyl-CoA:diacylglycerol acyltransferase 2 (AtDGAT2) has remained elusive despite biochemical testing of genetic mutants and overexpression lines. We show that transiently expressed AtDGAT2 in the Nicotiana benthamiana leaf resulted in an increase in triacylglycerol twice as great as the increase(More)
BACKGROUND Monoacylglycerol acyltransferases (MGATs) are predominantly associated with lipid absorption and resynthesis in the animal intestine where they catalyse the first step in the monoacylglycerol (MAG) pathway by acylating MAG to form diacylglycerol (DAG). Typical plant triacylglycerol (TAG) biosynthesis routes such as the Kennedy pathway do not(More)