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Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is a cAMP-regulated chloride channel localized at apical cell membranes and exists in macromolecular complexes with a variety of signaling and transporter molecules. Here, we report that the multidrug resistance protein 4 (MRP4), a cAMP transporter, functionally and physically associates with CFTR.(More)
The mechanism underlying the upregulation of NMDA receptor function by group I metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs), including mGluR1 and 5, is not known. Here we show that in cortical neurons, brief selective activation of group I mGluRs with (S)-3,5-dihydroxy-phenylglycine (DHPG) induced a Ca(2+)-calmodulin-dependent activation of Pyk2/CAKbeta and(More)
It is well established that ligand-gated chloride flux across the plasma membrane modulates neuronal excitability. We find that a voltage-dependent Cl(-) conductance increases neuronal excitability in immature rodents as well, enhancing the time course of NMDA receptor-mediated miniature excitatory postsynaptic potentials (mEPSPs). This Cl(-) conductance is(More)
K(+) channel blockers such as 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) can be toxic to neurons; the cellular mechanism underlying the toxicity, however, is obscure. In cultured mouse cortical neurons, we tested the hypothesis that the toxic effect of 4-AP might result from inhibiting the Na(+),K(+)-ATPase (Na(+),K(+)-pump) and thereafter induction of a hybrid death of(More)
Dysfunction of the Na(+),K(+)-ATPase (Na(+),K(+)-pump), due to reduced energy supply or increased endogenous ouabain-like inhibitors, likely occurs under pathological conditions in the central nervous system. In cultured mouse cortical neurons, we examined the hypothesis that a mild non-toxic inhibition of the Na(+),K(+)-ATPase could synergistically(More)
The Na+, K+-ATPase or Na+, K+-pump plays a critical role in ion homeostasis and many cellular events. The Na+, K+-pump activity is regulated by serine/threonine phosphorylation, the role of tyrosine kinases in the regulation, however, is obscure. We now present novel evidence showing that tyrosine phosphorylation activates the Na+, K+-pump in cortical(More)
To test the novel hypothesis that the K+ efflux mediated by NMDA receptors might be regulated differently than the influx of Ca2+ and Na+ through the same receptor channels, NMDA receptor whole-cell currents carried concurrently or individually by Ca2+, Na+ and K+ were analysed in cultured mouse cortical neurons. In contrast to the NMDA inward current(More)
Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is a phospholipid inter- and intracellular mediator implicated in intestinal injury primarily via induction of an inflammatory cascade. We find that PAF also has direct pathological effects on intestinal epithelial cells (IEC). PAF induces Cl(-) channel activation, which is associated with intracellular acidosis and(More)
The class III antiarrhythmic agent 4-chloro-N,N-diethyl-N-heptyl-benzene butanaminium (clofilium) is known as a K+ channel open-channel blocker and has either anti- or proapoptotic property due to undefined mechanisms. Based on the evidence that neuronal viability is largely, sometimes critically, affected by voltage- and ligand-gated Ca2+ channels and the(More)
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