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Three-dimensional topological insulators are a new state of quantum matter with a bulk gap and odd number of relativistic Dirac fermions on the surface. By investigating the surface state of Bi2Te3 with angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, we demonstrate that the surface state consists of a single nondegenerate Dirac cone. Furthermore, with(More)
In addition to a bulk energy gap, topological insulators accommodate a conducting, linearly dispersed Dirac surface state. This state is predicted to become massive if time reversal symmetry is broken, and to become insulating if the Fermi energy is positioned inside both the surface and bulk gaps. We introduced magnetic dopants into the three-dimensional(More)
In circular tomosynthesis obtained from a sufficient number of radiographs with projection directions forming a single cone, object detail at a distance from the plane of interest is blurred according to the zero order Bessel function. The main lobe of this window function defines slice thickness, while its ringing side lobes are undesirable because they(More)
Ultrasonic guided waves are used to detect the delamination between skin and honeycomb of a composite helicopter rotor blade. Theoretical work is carried out for guided waves in the trailing edge of a rotor blade, which is a multilayer composite skin/NOMEX half space structure. The dispersion relation is obtained with the global matrix method. Theoretically(More)
Ischemia stroke is the major cause of mortality and permanent neurological disability with little definitive therapeutic options. This cerebral ischemic injury leads to the oxidative stress and eventually cell death. We hypothesized that treatment of this condition with the trans-cinnamaldehyde(TC) could protect cells from ischemic and reperfusion injury.(More)
The present study aims to determine whether aloin could protect cells from ischemic and reperfusion injury in vitro and to elucidate the related mechanisms. Oxygen and glucose deprivation model in PC12 cells was used in the present study. 2-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay and Hoechst 33342(More)
We report on a new design for a passively mode-locked dumbbell-shaped fiber laser employing all normal dispersion fibers at 1 µm. The laser produced pulses of 18.8 nJ and 42.4 nJ from two output ports, at a repetition rate of 7.19 MHz. A narrow bandpass filter is inserted into the laser cavity to achieve the dissipative soliton resonance pulse(More)
Pituitary carcinomas are rare malignant neoplasms with diagnostic and management challenges. Patients with pituitary carcinomas have extremely poor outcomes. In this report, the authors describe two cases of pituitary carcinomas with intraspinal metastasis (Case 1: 42-year-old man with a history of pituitary adenoma 16 years ago developed an intraspinal(More)