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BACKGROUND Direct in vivo investigation of human metabolism is complicated by the distinct metabolic functions of various sub-cellular organelles. Diverse micro-environments in different organelles may lead to distinct functions of the same protein and the use of different enzymes for the same metabolic reaction. To better understand the complexity in the(More)
A fed-batch fermentation of Lactobacillus lactis to produce l-lactic acid was developed in which the residual glucose concentration in the culture was used to control a continuous feeding strategy. Up to 210 g l-lactic acid l−1 (97% yield) was obtained. The maximal dry cell was 2.7 g l−1 and the average l-lactic acid productivity was 2.2 g l−1 h−1.
The present study was designed to investigate the effect of vitrification on mitochondrial distribution, membrane potential (Deltapsi) and microtubule distribution in mouse 2-PN embryos, as well as to document the relationship between mitochondrial distribution and developmental ability of those embryos. Mitochondrial distribution was examined by(More)
Vitrification had a significantly negative impact on the mitochondrial function of bovine oocytes. However, 40 μg/mL cyclosporine pretreatment before vitrification contributed greatly to maintaining mitochondrial membrane potential and adenosine triphosphate content, decreasing reactive oxygen species level, and thereby increasing the developmental ability(More)
MOTIVATION Metabolic networks are organized in a modular, hierarchical manner. Methods for a rational decomposition of the metabolic network into relatively independent functional subsets are essential to better understand the modularity and organization principle of a large-scale, genome-wide network. Network decomposition is also necessary for functional(More)
A sequential optimization strategy, based on statistical experimental designs, was used to enhance the production of riboflavin by recombinant Bacillus subtilis RH44. In the first instance, the medium components were optimized in shake flask cultures. After preliminary experiments of nitrogen source selection, the two-level Plackett-Burman (PB) design was(More)
Cryopreservation can cause cumulus cell damage around the immature oocytes, which may result in poor subsequent development. To evaluate the effect of the meiosis stage on the cumulus cell cryoinjury and determine the suitable stage for cryopreservation in immature oocytes, mouse oocytes at germinal vesicle (GV) and germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD) stages(More)
Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) undergo activation during the development of liver fibrosis. Transcription factor myocyte enhancer factor (MEF2) 2C plays a key role in this process. In the present study, we investigated the effect of hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) on hepatic fibrosis and further investigated potential mechanisms in vivo. Sprague-Dawley rats(More)
MOTIVATION Elementary modes (EMs) analysis has been well established. The existing methodologies for assigning weights to EMs cannot be directly applied for large-scale metabolic networks, since the tremendous number of modes would make the computation a time-consuming or even an impossible mission. Therefore, developing more efficient methods to deal with(More)
As an important functional genomic tool, metabolomics has been illustrated in detail in recent years, especially in plant science. However, the microbial category also has the potential to benefit from integration of metabolomics into system frameworks. In this article, we first examine the concepts and brief history of metabolomics. Next, we summarize(More)