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The diagnosability of a system is defined as the maximum number of faulty processors that the system can guarantee to identify, which plays an important role in measuring of the reliability of multiprocessor systems. In the work of Peng et al. in 2012, they proposed a new measure for fault diagnosis of systems, namely, g-good-neighbor conditional(More)
Osteoporosis mainly affects postmenopausal women and older men. Gastrointestinal hormones released after meal ingestion, such as glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-2, have been shown to regulate bone turnover. However, whether GLP-1, another important gastrointestinal hormone, and its analogues also have(More)
Beta-lactam resistance in methicillin (meticillin)-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is caused by the production of an additional low-affinity penicillin-binding protein 2a, which is encoded by the mecA gene. The disruption of mecA may inhibit mecA expression and thereafter lead to the restoration of MRSA susceptibility to beta-lactams. In this study,(More)
The purpose of this study was to explore the therapeutic time window and mechanism of tetramethylpyrazine on transient focal cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. Middle cerebral artery occlusion was conducted in male Sprague-Dawley rats and 20mg/kg tetramethylpyrazine was injected intraperitoneally at different time points. Neurological deficit scores and(More)
Gram-negative bacteria (GNB) cause common and severe hospital- and community-acquired infections with a high incidence of multidrug resistance (MDR) and mortality. The emergence and spread of MDR-GNB strains limit therapeutic options and highlight the need to develop new therapeutic strategies. In this study, the peptide (RXR)(4)XB- and (KFF)(3)K-conjugated(More)
OBJECTIVE This study is aimed to develop a two-tube melting curve-based multiplex real time PCR assay (MCMRT-PCR) for the simultaneous detection of six common foodborne pathogenic bacteria (diarrhoeagenic Escherichia coli, Salmonella, and Shigella in tube 1, Staphylococcus aureus, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, and Listeria monocytogenes in tube 2). METHODS A(More)
AIM The objective of the present study was to systematically evaluate the effects of Radix Dipsaci extract (RDE) on postmenopausal osteoporosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS OVX or sham operations were performed on sixty 3-month-old virgin Sprague-Dawley rats that were divided into six groups: sham control group (sham, n=10); OVX control group (OVX, n=10);(More)
The brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays a critical role in pain hypersensitivity. BDNF is the ligand of P2X4 receptors (P2X4R) in the microglia. The causative factors involving the P2X4R over expression in the microglia remains unclear. Mast cell activation has a close relation with pain hypersensitivity. However, the underlying mechanism between(More)
The colocalization of histamine (HA) and norepinephrine (NE) immunoreactivities was identified within the superior cervical ganglia neurons of the guinea pig. HA and NE immunoreactivity levels were significantly attenuated after chemical sympathectomy with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA). Coexistence of NE and HA was also visualized in the cardiac sympathetic(More)
Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) plays an important role in regulating bone remodeling, and GLP-1 receptor agonist shows a positive relationship with osteoblast activity. However, GLP-1 receptor is not found in osteoblast, and the mechanism of GLP-1 receptor agonist on regulating bone remodeling is unclear. Here, we show that the GLP-1 receptor agonist(More)