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The effects of Cd, in combination with salicylic acid (SA) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP), on ryegrass seedlings were studied. Exposure of plants to 0.1 mM CdCl2 for 2 weeks resulted in toxicity symptoms such as chlorosis and necrotic spots on leaves. The addition of 0.2 mM SA or 0.1 mM SNP slightly alleviated the toxic effects of Cd. After application of(More)
Nutrient use efficiency (NuUE), comprising nutrient uptake and utilization efficiency, is regarded as one of the most important factors for wheat yield. In the present study, six morphological, nine nutrient content and nine nutrient utilization efficiency traits were investigated at the seedling stage using a set of recombinant inbred lines (RILs), under(More)
The effects of sodium nitroprusside (SNP, a donor of NO) on cadmium (Cd) toxicity in ryegrass seedlings (Lolium perenne L.) were studied by investigating the symptoms, plant growth, chlorophyll content, lipid peroxidation, H+-ATPase enzyme and antioxidative enzymes. Addition of 100 μM CdCl2 caused serious chlorosis and inhibited the growth of ryegrass(More)
To investigate the pattern of brain volume changes in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) using voxel-based morphometry (VBM) and correlation with clinical and neuropsychological (NP) tests. Fifty seven ESRD patients with no anatomical abnormalities in conventional magnetic resonance imaging [24 patients with abnormal NP scores, 16 male, 39 ± 12(More)
Silkworm (Bombyx mori L.) larvae were used as an ideal animal protein source for astronauts in the bioregenerative life support system (BLSS). Here, we compared the difference in bacterial communities of the silkworm larval gut between the BLSS rearing way (BRW) and the traditional rearing way (TRW) through culture-dependent approach, 16S rRNA gene(More)
In mammals, multiple physiological, metabolic, and behavioral processes are subject to circadian rhythms, adapting to changing light in the environment. Here we analyzed circadian rhythms in the fecal microbiota of mice using deep sequencing, and found that the absolute amount of fecal bacteria and the abundance of Bacteroidetes exhibited circadian(More)
Dunaliella salina is a useful model for studying the respective roles of each LHCII protein at the molecular level in extreme environmental conditions. However, information about the LhcII genes in D. salina is very limited. In order to identify more LhcII genes in D. salina, two additional LhcII cDNAs were obtained by screening a cDNA library. The genomic(More)
Nidus Vespae (honeycomb) is a kind of traditional Chinese medicine that has been demonstrated to inhibit the growth and acid-production of oral cariogenic bacteria. Subsequent studies showed that the chloroform/methanol (Chl/MeOH) chemical extraction of Nidus Vespae was the most effective inhibitor of growth and acidogenicity of Streptococcus mutans. In(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the functional connectivity of the default-mode network (DMN) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) by using independent component analysis of resting-state functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and to correlate these DMN connectivity changes with neuropsychological test results and clinical biomarkers. MATERIALS AND(More)
The changes of whole brain functional connectivity in hemodialysis (HD) patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are still unclear, which may be associated with multiple factors, such as elevated neurotoxins, anemia, and side effects of hemodialysis. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) data of 71 patients (43 males, 28 females;(More)