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Type I Bartter syndrome (BS) is caused by mutations of the Na-K-2Cl cotransporter (NKCC2)-encoding SLC12A1 gene. The clinical phenotype of this severe form of BS is characterized by polyhydramnios, premature delivery, failure to thrive, and nephrocalcinosis, and the diagnosis is usually made during the antenatal–neonatal period. This report concerns a(More)
Three distinct OCRL1 mutations in three patients with the Dent disease phenotype are described. All the patients manifested an extremely high degree of low-molecular-weight proteinuria and showed no ocular abnormalities or apparent mental retardation. Urinalysis and blood chemistry showed no findings suggestive of Fanconi syndrome with renal tubular(More)
BACKGROUND Bartter syndrome (BS) is a genetic disorder accompanied by hypokalaemic metabolic alkalosis. BS with sensorineural deafness (SND, OMIM602522) is a newly identified phenotype caused by mutations in the BSND gene that encodes barttin, a beta-subunit for chloride channel ClC-Ka and ClC-Kb and classified as type IV BS. Type IV BS features the most(More)
The cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) line FuCMS5A and its restorer line FuHui9 were crossed to produce a segregating F(2) population for pollen fertility assay and the genetic mapping of restorer-of-fertility (Rf) gene. Results showed that the individual F(2) plants were fertile or semi-fertile based on their pollen fertility characteristics. The average(More)
Type III Bartter syndrome (BS) (OMIM607364) is caused by mutations in the basolateral chloride channel CIC-Kb gene (CLCNKB). The CLCNKB gene is sometimes reported as having a large deletion mutation, but all cases reported previously were large homozygous deletions and a large heterozygous deletion is impossible to detect by direct sequencing. This report(More)
X-linked Alport syndrome is caused by mutations in the COL4A5 gene encoding the type IV collagen α5 chain (α5(IV)). Complete absence of α5(IV) in the renal basal membrane is considered a pathological characteristic in male patients; however, positive α5(IV) staining has been found in over 20% of patients. We retrospectively studied 52 genetically diagnosed(More)
BACKGROUND Alport syndrome is the most common form of hereditary nephritis and is mainly caused by mutations in the COL4A5 gene, which shows the X-linked form. It is well known that some male Alport syndrome cases show a relatively mild phenotype, but few molecular investigations have been conducted to clarify the mechanism of this phenotype. Methods and(More)
To date, many mutations, including intronic nucleotide changes, in the SLC12A3 gene encoding the thiazide-sensitive sodium-chloride cotransporter (NCCT) have been reported in Gitelman's syndrome (GS) patients. However, it has not been clarified whether intronic nucleotide changes affect mRNA content. Since mRNA analysis is possible only after obtaining(More)
Many mutations have been detected in the SLC12A3 gene of Gitelman syndrome (GS, OMIM 263800) patients. In previous studies, only one mutant allele was detected in approximately 20 to 41% of patients with GS; however, the exact reason for the nonidentification has not been established. In this study, we used RT-PCR using mRNA to investigate for the first(More)
Type I Bartter syndrome (BS), an inherited salt-losing tubulopathy, is caused by mutations of the SLC12A1 gene. While several intronic nucleotide changes in this gene have been detected, transcriptional analysis had not been conducted because mRNA analysis is possible only when renal biopsy specimens can be obtained or occasionally when mRNA is expressed in(More)