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This study was conducted to investigate the combined effects of elevated CO2 levels and cadmium (Cd) on the root morphological traits and Cd accumulation in Lolium multiflorum Lam. and Lolium perenne L. exposed to two CO2 levels (360 and 1 000 μl/L) and three Cd levels (0, 4, and 16 mg/L) under hydroponic conditions. The results show that elevated levels of(More)
Polynitrohexaazaadamantanes (PNHAAs) have been the subject of much recent research because of their potential as high energy density materials (HEDMs). The B3LYP/6-31G method was employed to evaluate the heats of formation (HOFs) for PNHAAs by designing isodesmic reactions. The HOFs are found to be correlative with the number (n) and the space orientations(More)
We have calculated the heats of formation (HOFs) for a series of polyazidocubanes by using the density functional theory (DFT), Hartree-Fock, and MP2 methods with 6-31G* basis set as well as semiempirical methods. The cubane skeleton was chosen for a reference compound, that is, the cubane skeleton was not broken in the process of designing isodesmic(More)
The DFT-B3LYP method, with the basis set 6-311G( * *), was employed to calculate the molecular geometries and electronic structures of 25 nitroaromatics. The acute toxicity (-lgEC(50)) of these compounds to the algae (Scenedesmus obliguus) along with hydrophobicity described by logK(OW), and two quantum chemical parameters-energy of the lowest unoccupied(More)
The heats of formation (HOFs) were calculated for a series of polydifluoroaminocubanes by using density functional theory (DFT), Hartree-Fock, and MP2 method with 6-31G basis set as well as semiempirical methods. The cubane skeleton was not broken in the process of designing isodesmic reactions; i.e., the cubane skeleton was chosen for a reference compound.(More)
Homodesmotic reaction and isodesmotic reaction were designed for the computation of strain energies (SE) for a series of cubane derivatives. Total energies of the optimized geometric structures at the DFT-B3LYP/6-31G* level were used to derive the SE. The SE value of cubane is 169.13 kcal/mol for homodesmotic reaction, which is in good agreement with the(More)
Density functional theory calculations at the B3LYP/6-311G** level were performed to predict the heats of formation (HOFs) for three eight-membered ring compounds and four six-membered ring compounds via designed isodesmic reactions. In the isodesmic reactions designed for the computation of HOFs (CH(3)CH(2))(2)NNO(2) and piperidine were chosen as reference(More)
Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) are currently under intense academic and industrial investigations, because of their environmentally-friendly, efficient, and low-cost features. The photosensitizer plays a key role in determining DSSCs' performance. The 4,4'-di(2-thienyl)triphenylamine moiety, included in dye TTC102, has been demonstrated before as a(More)
Dye-sensitized solar cells are currently under intense academic and industrial investigation, owing to their great potential to serve as a low-cost alternative to existing photovoltaic technologies. This paper puts forward a method, which adopts heterocyclic substituted triarylamine units as electronic donor moieties, to design triarylamine dyes for(More)
A pot experiment with Cd-polluted lateritic red soils was conducted to study the effects of applying different concentration (0, 40, 100, and 200 mg x kg(-1)) Ca on the rape biomass, its Cd uptake, and the Ca and Cd concentrations in soil solution. Comparing with no Ca application, applying Ca increased the rape dry mass, whether under high or low level Cd(More)