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PURPOSE More than 60% of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) do not receive curative therapy as a result of late clinical presentation and diagnosis. We aimed to identify plasma microRNAs for diagnosing hepatitis B virus (HBV) -related HCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS Plasma microRNA expression was investigated with three independent cohorts including(More)
The spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) is essential for proper sister chromatid segregation. Defects in this checkpoint can lead to chromosome missegregation and aneuploidy. An increasing body of evidence suggests that aneuploidy can play a causal role in tumorigenesis. However, mutant mice that are prone to aneuploidy have only mild tumor phenotypes,(More)
FTO (fat mass and obesity associated) was identified as an obesity-susceptibility gene by several independent large-scale genome association studies. A cluster of SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphism) located in the first intron of FTO was found to be significantly associated with obesity-related traits, such as body mass index, hip circumference, and body(More)
Netrins are an important family of axon guidance cues. Here, we report that netrin-1 induces tyrosine phosphorylation of p130(CAS) (Crk-associated substrate). Our biochemical studies indicate that p130(CAS) is downstream of the Src family kinases and upstream of the small GTPase Rac1 and Cdc42. Inhibition of p130(CAS) signaling blocks both the neurite(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a highly malignant tumor, and chronic infection with hepatitis B virus is one of its major risk factors. To identify the proteins involved in HCC carcinogenesis, we used two-dimensional fluorescence DIGE to study the differentially expressed proteins in tumor and adjacent nontumor tissue samples. Samples from 12 hepatitis B(More)
The tumor suppressor p53 regulates cell cycle progression and apoptosis in response to various types of stress, whereas excess p53 activity creates unwanted effects. Tight regulation of p53 is essential for maintaining normal cell growth. p53-associated cellular protein-testes derived (PACT, also known as P2P-R, RBBP6) is a 250-kDa Ring finger-containing(More)
A cDNA subtraction library had been constructed to identify differentially expressed genes in peel pitting of citrus fruit. Based on the sequence of a cDNA fragment homologous to NAC gene family, the full-length cDNA of 1,203 nucleotides was cloned from “navel” orange by rapid amplification of cDNA ends. It was designated as CsNAC, encoding a protein of 305(More)
We hypothesized that impaired nitric oxide (NO)-dependent dilation (endothelial dysfunction) in type 2 diabetes results, in part, from elevated production of superoxide (O(2)(*-)) induced by the interaction of advanced glycation end products (AGE)/receptor for AGE (RAGE) and TNF-alpha signaling. We assessed the role of AGE/RAGE and TNF-alpha signaling in(More)
BACKGROUND We hypothesized that atherosclerosis inhibits NO-mediated endothelium-dependent dilation of coronary arterioles through interaction of ox-LDL with its receptor, LOX-1, through the production of O2ÿ- in endothelial cells. METHODS AND RESULTS We assessed the role of ox-LDL in endothelial dysfunction in a murine model of atherosclerosis (ApoE KO(More)
Progranulin (PGRN) has recently emerged as a key player in a subset of frontotemporal dementias (FTD). Numerous mutations in the progranulin gene have been identified in patients with familial or sporadic frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). In order to understand the molecular mechanisms by which PGRN deficiency leads to FTLD, we examined activity of(More)