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Netrins are an important family of axon guidance cues. Here, we report that netrin-1 induces tyrosine phosphorylation of p130(CAS) (Crk-associated substrate). Our biochemical studies indicate that p130(CAS) is downstream of the Src family kinases and upstream of the small GTPase Rac1 and Cdc42. Inhibition of p130(CAS) signaling blocks both the neurite(More)
Netrins are prototypical axon guidance cues whose attractive signaling requires the small GTPase Rac1. It remains unclear how Rac1 is regulated in the netrin pathway. DOCK180 is a member of a new family of guanine nucleotide exchange factors for Rho GTPases. Here we provide evidence implicating DOCK180 in netrin signal transduction. Netrin promoted the(More)
This study was designed to investigate the candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the exon’s region of bovine diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase (DGAT1) gene using bioinformatics and experimental methods. A total of 17 SNPs were screened from public data resources and DNA sequencing. Three SNPs (c.572A>G, c.1241C>T and c.1416T>G) of these(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within bovine binding lectin-liver (A) gene (MBL1) and to explore its correlation analysis with milk somatic cell score (SCS) which reflects mastitis resistance in cattle. Through polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP), created(More)
FTO (fat mass and obesity associated) was identified as an obesity-susceptibility gene by several independent large-scale genome association studies. A cluster of SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphism) located in the first intron of FTO was found to be significantly associated with obesity-related traits, such as body mass index, hip circumference, and body(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a highly malignant tumor, and chronic infection with hepatitis B virus is one of its major risk factors. To identify the proteins involved in HCC carcinogenesis, we used two-dimensional fluorescence DIGE to study the differentially expressed proteins in tumor and adjacent nontumor tissue samples. Samples from 12 hepatitis B(More)
SIFT descriptor has been widely applied in computer vision and object recognition, but has not been explored in the field of handwritten Chinese character recognition. In this paper we proposed a novel SIFT based feature for offline handwritten Chinese character recognition. The presented feature is a modification of SIFT descriptor taking into account of(More)
In this paper, an online handwritten Chinese character segmentation method is proposed. It is based on a dynamic programming algorithm, which uses geometrical features extracted from the handwritten strokes. The algorithm is carried out in two stages: pre-segmentation and recognition-based segmentation. The experimental results on 2363 sentences,(More)
Writer adaptive handwriting recognition, which has potential of increasing accuracies for a particular user, is the process of converting a writer-independent recognition system to a writer-dependent one. In this paper, we provide a general incremental learning solution for linear discriminant analysis (LDA) on the basis of previous researches, and propose(More)