Xue-Fei Zhang

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PURPOSE To test the hypothesis that Regulator of G-protein Signaling 9 (RGS9-1) is necessary for the normal inactivation of retinal cones. METHODS Mice having the gene RGS9-1 inactivated in both alleles (RGS9-1 -/-) were tested between the ages 8-10 weeks with electroretinographic (ERG) protocols that isolate cone-driven responses. Immunohistochemistry(More)
RGS (regulators of G protein signaling) proteins regulate G protein signaling by accelerating GTP hydrolysis, but little is known about regulation of GTPase-accelerating protein (GAP) activities or roles of domains and subunits outside the catalytic cores. RGS9-1 is the GAP required for rapid recovery of light responses in vertebrate photoreceptors and the(More)
UNLABELLED Amyloid-beta (Aβ) deposition plays a crucial role in the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The Aβ deposited extracellularly can be phagocytosed and degraded by surrounding activated astrocytes, but the precise mechanisms underlying Aβ clearance mediated by astrocytes remain unclear. In this study, we performed tandem mass tag-based(More)
OBJECTIVE To clarify the presence of oxidative stress in patients with primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) and to investigate the relationship between oxidative stress and PACG. METHODS Fifty patients with primary angle-closure glaucoma and fifty healthy controls of matched age and gender were included in the study prospectively. Serum samples were(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disease affecting people over age 55. Oxidative stress actively participates in the dopaminergic (DA) neuron degeneration of PD. Xyloketals are a series of natural compounds from marine mangrove fungus strain No. 2508 that have been reported to protect against neurotoxicity through their(More)
Triplophysa orientalis (Herzenstein) is one of the Nemacheilinae (Cypriniformes: Balitoridae) fish species distributed in the Tibetan Plateau area. In order to understand the impact of plateau uplift on population history and the isolation effect of plateau lakes on T. orientalis, we examined its genetic structure and phylogenetic relationships. A total of(More)
The elongation of neuron is highly dependent on membrane trafficking. Brefeldin A (BFA)-inhibited guanine nucleotide-exchange protein 1 (BIG1) functions in the membrane trafficking between the Golgi apparatus and the plasma membrane. BFA, an uncompetitive inhibitor of BIG1 can inhibit neurite outgrowth and polarity development. In this study, we aimed to(More)
We reported the inhibitory effects of genistein, an inhibitor of tyrosine protein kinase (TPK), on ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced expression of c-fos and c-jun in SENCAR mouse skin. UVB irradiation substantially increased transcript levels of c-fos and c-jun mRNA in mouse skin. Topical application of genistein 60 min before UVB radiation reduced c-fos and(More)