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A thin metal film vapor deposited on thick elastomer substrate develops an equi-biaxial compressive stress state when the system is cooled due to the large thermal expansion mismatch between the elastomer and the metal. At a critical stress, the film undergoes buckling into a family of modes with short wavelengths characteristic of a thin plate on a(More)
Eight reference genes of Brassica napus were evaluated using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) data, focusing on vegetative tissues and developing embryos. Analyses of expression stability indicated that UP1, UBC9, UBC21, and TIP41 were the top four choices as stably expressed reference genes for vegetative tissues, whereas ACT7,(More)
Modern diets are largely heat-processed and as a result contain high levels of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). Dietary advanced glycation end products (dAGEs) are known to contribute to increased oxidant stress and inflammation, which are linked to the recent epidemics of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. This report significantly expands the(More)
BACKGROUND Homeodomain-leucine zipper (HD-Zip) proteins, a group of homeobox transcription factors, participate in various aspects of normal plant growth and developmental processes as well as environmental responses. To date, no overall analysis or expression profiling of the HD-Zip gene family in soybean (Glycine max) has been reported. METHODS AND(More)
Recent studies suggest that Internet gaming addiction (IGA) is an impulse disorder, or is at least related to impulse control disorders. In the present study, we hypothesized that different facets of trait impulsivity may be specifically linked to the brain regions with impaired impulse inhibition function in IGA adolescents. Seventeen adolescents with IGA(More)
Plants produce a vast array of specialized metabolites, many of which are used as pharmaceuticals, flavors, fragrances, and other high-value fine chemicals. However, most of these compounds occur in non-model plants for which genomic sequence information is not yet available. The production of a large amount of nucleotide sequence data using next-generation(More)
Regulation of gene expression is associated with RNA interference (RNAi) at the posttranscriptional level and chromatin modification in transcriptional silencing during plant development. Dicer-like (DCL) and Argonaute (AGO) proteins, along with RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RDR), play integral roles in these processes. Many members of the DCL, AGO, and RDR(More)
OBJECTIVE Increased oxidative stress (OS) and impaired anti-OS defenses are important in the development and persistence of insulin resistance (IR). Several anti-inflammatory and cell-protective mechanisms, including advanced glycation end product (AGE) receptor-1 (AGER1) and sirtuin (silent mating-type information regulation 2 homolog) 1 (SIRT1) are(More)
CONTEXT Increased oxidant stress and inflammation (OS/infl) are linked to both aging-related diseases and advanced glycation end products (AGEs). Whereas AGE receptor-1 (AGER1) reduces OS/infl in animals, this has not been assessed in normal humans. OBJECTIVE The objectives of the study were to determine whether AGER1 correlates with AGEs and OS/infl and(More)