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The hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) pathway is essential for cell survival under low oxygen and plays an important role in tumor cell homeostasis. We investigated the function of miR-210, the most prominent microRNA upregulated by hypoxia and a direct transcriptional target of HIFs. miR-210 expression was elevated in multiple cancer types and correlated with(More)
Despite evidence supporting an oncogenic role in breast cancer, the Notch pathway's contribution to metastasis remains unknown. Here, we report that the Notch ligand Jagged1 is a clinically and functionally important mediator of bone metastasis by activating the Notch pathway in bone cells. Jagged1 promotes tumor growth by stimulating IL-6 release from(More)
Traditionally, the primary function of oligodendrocytes (OLGs) in the CNS has been considered to be myelination. Here, we investigated whether OLGs may play a trophic role, particularly during development. Neurotrophin expression was assessed in postnatal day 7 basal forebrain (BF) OLGs, using in situ hybridization and detection of myelin basic protein.(More)
Ligand-mediated activation of the pregnane X receptor (PXR, NR1I2) is postulated to affect both hepatic and intestinal gene expression, because of the presence of this nuclear receptor in these important drug metabolizing organs; as such, activation of this receptor may elicit the coordinated regulation of PXR target genes in both tissues. Induction of(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the impact of stomach cancer on the Chinese population by epidemiological analysis of its mortality distribution. METHODS 1990-1992 data on stomach cancer mortality collected by sampling survey involved one tenth of the total Chinese population. RESULTS The crude mortality rate of stomach cancer in China was 25.2 per 10(5) (32.8 per(More)
Potential roles of trophins in the normal and injured spinal cord are largely undefined. However, a number of recent studies suggest that adult spinal cord expresses neurotrophin receptors and responds to the neurotrophins, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin 3 (NT3), particularly after injury. The data indicate that trophins may(More)
Previous studies suggest that oligodendrocytes express trophic molecules, including neurotrophins. These molecules have been shown to influence nearby neurons. To determine whether neuronal signals may, in turn, affect oligodendrocyte-derived trophins, we examined regulation of nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and(More)
In rodents, treatment with peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) agonists results in peroxisome proliferation, hepatocellular hypertrophy, and hepatomegaly. Drugs in the fibrate class of PPARalpha agonists have also been reported to produce rare skeletal muscle toxicity. Although target-driven hepatic effects of PPARalpha treatment(More)
NOTCH signaling is deregulated in the majority of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemias (T-ALL) as a result of activating mutations in NOTCH1. Gamma secretase inhibitors (GSI) block proteolytic activation of NOTCH receptors and may provide a targeted therapy for T-ALL. We have investigated the mechanisms of GSI sensitivity across a panel of T-ALL cell lines,(More)
The molecular mechanisms of action of a HIV protease inhibitor, ritonavir, on hepatic function were explored on a genomic scale using microarrays comprising genes expressed in the liver of Sprague-Dawley rats (Rattus norvegicus). Analyses of hepatic transcriptional fingerprints led to the identification of several key cellular pathways affected by ritonavir(More)