Learn More
Despite evidence supporting an oncogenic role in breast cancer, the Notch pathway's contribution to metastasis remains unknown. Here, we report that the Notch ligand Jagged1 is a clinically and functionally important mediator of bone metastasis by activating the Notch pathway in bone cells. Jagged1 promotes tumor growth by stimulating IL-6 release from(More)
Traditionally, the primary function of oligodendrocytes (OLGs) in the CNS has been considered to be myelination. Here, we investigated whether OLGs may play a trophic role, particularly during development. Neurotrophin expression was assessed in postnatal day 7 basal forebrain (BF) OLGs, using in situ hybridization and detection of myelin basic protein.(More)
Ligand-mediated activation of the pregnane X receptor (PXR, NR1I2) is postulated to affect both hepatic and intestinal gene expression, because of the presence of this nuclear receptor in these important drug metabolizing organs; as such, activation of this receptor may elicit the coordinated regulation of PXR target genes in both tissues. Induction of(More)
Previous studies suggest that oligodendrocytes express trophic molecules, including neurotrophins. These molecules have been shown to influence nearby neurons. To determine whether neuronal signals may, in turn, affect oligodendrocyte-derived trophins, we examined regulation of nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the impact of stomach cancer on the Chinese population by epidemiological analysis of its mortality distribution. METHODS 1990-1992 data on stomach cancer mortality collected by sampling survey involved one tenth of the total Chinese population. RESULTS The crude mortality rate of stomach cancer in China was 25.2 per 10(5) (32.8 per(More)
Detecting and understanding the potential for off-target pharmacological effects is critical in the optimization of lead compounds in drug discovery programs. Compound-mediated activation of the pregnane X receptor (PXR; NR1I2), a key regulator for drug metabolism genes, is often monitored to avoid potential drug-drug interactions. Two structural analogs,(More)
The molecular mechanisms of action of a HIV protease inhibitor, ritonavir, on hepatic function were explored on a genomic scale using microarrays comprising genes expressed in the liver of Sprague-Dawley rats (Rattus norvegicus). Analyses of hepatic transcriptional fingerprints led to the identification of several key cellular pathways affected by ritonavir(More)
Potential roles of trophins in the normal and injured spinal cord are largely undefined. However, a number of recent studies suggest that adult spinal cord expresses neurotrophin receptors and responds to the neurotrophins, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin 3 (NT3), particularly after injury. The data indicate that trophins may(More)
In rodents, treatment with peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) agonists results in peroxisome proliferation, hepatocellular hypertrophy, and hepatomegaly. Drugs in the fibrate class of PPARalpha agonists have also been reported to produce rare skeletal muscle toxicity. Although target-driven hepatic effects of PPARalpha treatment(More)
Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a key process associated with tumor progression and metastasis. To define molecular features associated with EMT states, we undertook an integrative approach combining mRNA, miRNA, DNA methylation, and proteomic profiles of 38 cell populations representative of the genomic heterogeneity in lung adenocarcinoma.(More)