Learn More
We have used a reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) protocol to examine the expression of cytokines in the pancreases and islets of patients with type I diabetes. We detect a significant increase in the level of expression of interferon (IFN)-alpha in the pancreases of the diabetic patients as compared with the control pancreases. In(More)
Type I diabetes is an autoimmune disease involving an interaction between an epigenetic event (possibly a viral infection), the pancreatic beta cells, and the immune system in a genetically susceptible host. The possibility that the type I interferons could mediate this interaction was tested with transgenic mice in which the insulin-producing beta cells(More)
Cytokines, particularly interferons, may participate in the development of type I diabetes. This involvement could be from direct cytotoxic actions of the interferons on the pancreatic beta-cells or from an indirect influence on the number, activity, or type of inflammatory cells that invade the islets in type I diabetes. To examine directly the role of(More)
The ability of interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) to induce the adhesion molecules that characterize the islets of patients with type I diabetes has been investigated. We have found that all tested recombinant IFN-as will induce major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I on arterial endothelial cells. Some but not all IFN-as will induce intercellular adhesion(More)
The mechanism(s) leading to beta cell dysfunction in type I diabetes has not been defined. We have investigated whether islet expression of IFN alpha could be a cause of the lesions that are hallmarks of type I diabetes. Streptozotocin induces the expression of interferon-alpha by pancreatic islets prior to the diabetes induced by streptozotocin. Increased(More)
This study investigated the effect of ghrelin on oxidative stress in septic rat lung tissue. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into sham-operation, sepsis, and ghrelin groups. Sepsis was induced by cecal ligation and puncture. Ghrelin was administered intraperitoneally at 3 and 15 h post-operation. Bronchoalveolar lavage was performed to collect(More)
We have developed a panel of murine monoclonal antibodies that recognize human interferon alpha. One of these mononclonal antibodies binds and neutralizes, with high affinity, all of seven tested recombinant human interferon alphas. This mononclonal antibody also neutralizes the interferon activity present in two independent pools of interferon alphas(More)
Alveolar macrophages (AMs) undergo increased apoptosis during sepsis-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Ghrelin exhibits an antiapoptotic effect in several cell types and protects against sepsis-induced ARDS in rats; however, the molecular mechanisms underlying this antiapoptotic effect remain poorly understood. In this study, we first(More)
OBJECTIVE Monozygotic twins are usually discordant (only one twin affected) for type 1 diabetes. Discordance for disease between such twins implies a role for nongenetically determined factors but could also be influenced by a decreased load of diabetes susceptibility genes. The aim of this study was to determine whether two susceptibility genes were less(More)
Apoptosis of alveolar macrophages (AMs) plays a pathogenic role in acute lung injury (ALI) and its severe type, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are promising therapeutic cells for preventing apoptosis and eliminating cellular injury. We investigated the effects of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) on(More)