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Group C rotavirus (GCRV) is distributed worldwide as an enteric pathogen in humans and animals. However, to date, whole-genome sequences are available only for a human strain (Bristol) and a porcine strain (Cowden). To investigate the genetic diversity of human GCRVs, nearly full-length sequences of all 11 RNA segments were determined for human GCRVs(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of endogenous small noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression after transcription. Aberrant expression of miRNAs has been shown to be involved in tumorigenesis. We showed that miR-21 was one of the most frequently overexpressed miRNA in human glioblastoma (GBM) cell lines. To explore whether miR-21 can serve as a(More)
Substantial data indicate that the oncogene microRNA 21 (miR-21) is significantly elevated in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and regulates multiple genes associated with cancer cell proliferation, apoptosis, and invasiveness. Thus, miR-21 can theoretically become a target to enhance the chemotherapeutic effect in cancer therapy. So far, the effect of(More)
AIMS MicroRNA-21 (miR-21) expression is increased in many types of human malignancy, including glioma. Recent studies report that miR-21 regulates cell invasion by targeting RECK, however, the underlying transcriptional regulation of miR-21 in glioma cells remains elusive. RESULTS Here, we identify a positive correlation between miR-21 expression and(More)
Prevalence and phylogenetic relatedness of rotaviruses causing diarrheal diseases in children and adults were analyzed in Wuhan, China. During a period between June 2006 and February 2008, group A rotavirus was identified in 24.9% (280/1126) and 7.6% (83/1088) of specimens taken from children and adults, respectively. G3P[8] was the most frequent genotype(More)
This study was conducted to investigate the mechanism for the effect of elevated levels of dietary zinc oxide (ZnO) in enhancing the intestinal growth of weanling piglets. In Experiment 1, 4-wk-old (8.1 +/- 0.6 kg) crossbred barrows (n = 36) were assigned randomly to 1 of the 2 dietary groups, with 6 pens/group (3 pigs/pen). One group was fed the basal diet(More)
Extensive data indicate that miR-21 plays a critical role in gliomagenesis, however, knowledge is limited on the mechanism of action of miR-21, including cell proliferation, apoptosis, and migration. In this study, we showed that down-regulation of miR-21 expression by antisense oligonucleotides inhibited glioma cell proliferation and induced cell(More)
The multifunctional AMPK-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is an evolutionarily conserved energy sensor that plays an important role in cell proliferation, growth, and survival. It remains unclear whether AMPK functions as a tumor suppressor or a contextual oncogene. This is because although on one hand active AMPK inhibits mammalian target of rapamycin(More)
A human group B rotavirus strain WH-1 was detected in an adult sporadic case of diarrhea in Wuhan, China in 2002. In this study, the gene sequences of WH-1 were determined in order to examine the phylogenetic relatedness to other human group B rotaviruses found previously in China (ADRV, in 1982), India (CAL-1, in 1998), and Bangladesh (Bang373, in 2000),(More)
MicroRNA (miR)-221 and miR-222 are frequently upregulated in various types of human malignancy including glioblastoma. Previous studies have identified some targets of miR-221 and miR-222, such as p27 and p57. Inter-relationship between miR-221 and miR-222 expression and global mRNA expression remains elusive. Here we knocked down miR-221 and miR-222(More)