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Bradykinin (BK) is an inflammatory mediator and one of the most potent endogenous pain-inducing substances. When released at sites of tissue damage or inflammation, or applied exogenously, BK produces acute spontaneous pain and causes hyperalgesia (increased sensitivity to potentially painful stimuli). The mechanisms underlying spontaneous pain induced by(More)
Studies have previously documented that microRNAs (miRNAs), with their key roles in regulating both synaptic plasticity and brain development, are candidate genetic contributors to the etiopathology of bipolar disorder (BD). Moreover, miRNA identified as targets for the actions of chronic lithium and VPA are known to play diverse and intriguing roles in(More)
Chemotherapy of brain tumors remains a big challenge owing to the low drug transport across the blood-brain barrier (BBB), multidrug resistance (MDR), and poor penetration into the tumor tissue. We developed a novel dual-targeting liposomal carrier that enabled drug to transport across the BBB and then target the brain tumor. In the dual-targeting liposomal(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is emerging as a novel signalling molecule involved in plant growth and responses against abiotic stresses. However, little information is known about its role in cadmium (Cd) detoxification. In the present study, the effects of H2S on Cd toxicity were investigated in Populus euphratica cells using fluorescence imaging technique and a(More)
Dysbindin (DTNBP1: dystrobrevin binding protein 1), located on 6p22.3, is a candidate susceptibility gene for schizophrenia. Several studies, mostly in Caucasians, have provided evidence for an association between schizophrenia and the gene, although no common polymorphism or haploytpe has been established. In Asian populations, two studies investigated a(More)
Ketamine, a widely used pediatric anesthetic, has been associated with enhanced neuronal toxicity in the developing brain, but mechanisms and neuronal susceptibility to neurotoxic insult leading to neuronal cell death remain poorly defined. One of the main goals of this study was to determine whether there is a duration of ketamine-induced anesthesia below(More)
Ketamine, an N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor ion channel blocker, is a widely used anesthetic recently reported to enhance neuronal death in developing rodents and nonhuman primates. This study evaluated dose-response and time-course effects of ketamine, levels of ketamine in plasma and brain, and the relationship between altered NMDA receptor(More)
Tumor stem cells have emerged as the new targets for anti-cancer therapy, besides tumor cells themselves. To eradicate both breast cancer cells and breast cancer stem cells which can not be eliminated by the conventional chemotherapy, octreotide (Oct)-modified paclitaxel (PTX)-loaded PEG-b-PCL polymeric micelles (Oct-M-PTX) and salinomycin (SAL)-loaded(More)
To investigate the correlation between the in vitro intracellular uptake and the in vivo antitumor activity of anticancer drugs delivered by sterically stabilized liposomes (SSL). Arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) peptide or RGD mimetic (RGDm) was coupled onto the surface of SSL to obtain the cell-binding carrier to facilitate the intracellular delivery(More)
BACKGROUND Strong noxious stimuli cause plastic changes in spinal nociceptive neurons. Intracellular signal transduction pathways from cellular membrane to nucleus, which may further regulate gene expression by critical transcription factors, convey peripheral stimulation. Cyclic AMP-responsive element binding protein (CREB) is a well-characterized(More)