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We recorded cortical potentials evoked by painful CO2 laser stimulation (pain SEP) employing an oddball paradigm in an effort to demonstrate event-related potentials (ERP) associated with pain. In 12 healthy subjects, frequent (standard) pain stimuli (probability 0.8) were delivered to one side of the dorsum of the left hand while rare (target) pain stimuli(More)
To elucidate the functional localization and somatotopic organization of pain perception in the human cerebral cortex, we studied the regional cerebral blood flow using positron emission tomography during selective painful stimulation in six normal subjects. Response to a painful stimulus was elicited using a special CO2 laser, which selectively activates(More)
Scalp topography of giant SEPs to median nerve stimulation was studied in 4 patients with cortical myoclonus of various etiology. The positive peak (P30) at the contralateral parietal area was simultaneously accompanied by a negative peak at the frontal area (N30), and at least one of these two peaks was enhanced in 2 patients. Another positive peak (P25)(More)
In 6 patients with Wallenberg's syndrome who showed a dissociated loss of pain sense, we recorded pain-related somatosensory evoked potentials following CO2 laser stimulation of the hand dorsum (pain SEPs). Two components, N2 and P2, were recorded by stimulation of the unaffected hand, whereas on the affected side they were absent or decreased in proportion(More)
In order to clarify the generator mechanism of pain-related evoked potentials (pain EPs), we studied the scalp topography of the pain EPs following CO2 laser stimulation of hand dorsum by using balanced sternovertebral electrodes as the noncephalic reference in 11 normal volunteers. We also examined the effects of predictive warning signal (light-emitting(More)
To elucidate cortical mechanisms underlying point localization of a pain spot, we investigated event-related potentials (ERPs) while using a CO2 laser beam to apply a pain stimulus to the hand dorsum in 16 healthy men. The stimulus spot (pain spot) was shifted for each stimulus, while the subject was requested to identify the stimulated spot as accurately(More)
Since our previous study of pain somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) following CO2 laser stimulation of the hand dorsum could not clarify whether the early cortical component N1 was generated from the primary somatosensory cortex (SI) or the secondary somatosensory cortex (SII) or both, the scalp topography of SEPs following CO2 laser stimulation of the(More)
To elucidate the functional role of association cortex in judgment and decision-making about external stimuli, the scalp topography of contingent negative variation (CNV) recorded in 9 normal volunteers was compared in two settings; dichotomous S1- and S2-choice paradigms using right wrist extension or flexion movement upon S2 as the choice reaction task(More)
Although acupuncture has a long history of analgesic effects, the mechanisms underlying its effects are still unclear. Somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) methodology has been adopted in the research of acupuncture since the 1970s. In research on the effects of acupuncture on the conventional SEP, variable results have been observed, and two different(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the median effective dose (ED50) of 2% lidocaine to control the onset time of sciatic nerve blockade within 15 min by using 2% lidocaine and 0.75% ropivacaine 10 ml. METHODS Fifty patients underwent sciatic nerve blockade and lumbar plexus blockade for operations of unilateral lower extremities. 2% lidocaine was allocated into 7(More)
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