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The roles of many sigma factors are unclear in regulatory mechanism of secondary metabolism in Streptomyces. Here, we report the regulation network of a group 3 sigma factor, WhiGch, from a natamycin industrial strain Streptomyces chattanoogensis L10. WhiGch regulates the growth and morphological differentiation of S. chattanoogensis L10. The whiG ch(More)
Daptomycin is a cyclic lipopeptide antibiotic produced by Streptomyces roseosporus. To reveal the transcriptional regulatory mechanism of daptomycin biosynthesis, we used the biotinylated dptE promoter (dptEp) as a probe to affinity isolate the dptEp-interactive protein AtrA, a TetR family transcriptional regulator, from the proteome of mycelia. AtrA bound(More)
SigT is an ECF sigma factor in Streptomyces coelicolor. sigT and its putative anti-sigma factor gene rstA are located in one putative operon, and SigT could physically interact with RstA. Deletion of sigT or rstA caused accelerated morphological development and enhanced production of antibiotics, concomitant with over-expression of chpE, chpH, actII-orf4(More)
Sigma factors of the extracytoplasmic function (ECF) subfamily are important regulators of stress responses in bacteria. This work described the characterization of ECF sigma factor SigT in Streptomyces coelicolor. We found the absence of sigT almost abolished the production of the antibiotics actinorhodin (Act) under nitrogen stress. Under nitrogen-limited(More)
Aurovertins are fungal polyketides that exhibit potent inhibition of adenosine triphosphate synthase. Aurovertins contain a 2,6-dioxabicyclo[3.2.1]octane ring that is proposed to be derived from a polyene precursor through regioselective oxidations and epoxide openings. In this study, we identified only four enzymes required to produce aurovertin E. The(More)
Daptomycin, a novel cyclic lipopeptide antibiotic against Gram-positive bacteria, is produced by Streptomyces roseosporus. Though its biosynthetic mechanism, structural shuffling and fermentation optimization have been extensively studied, little is understood about its production regulation at the transcriptional levels. Here we reported that dptR2,(More)
Daptomycin is a potent cyclic lipopeptide antibiotic. It is widely used against various Gram-positive bacterial pathogens. Historically, a poor understanding of the transcriptional regulation of daptomycin biosynthesis has limited the options for targeted genetic engineering toward titer improvement. Here, we isolated a TetR family transcriptional(More)
BACKGROUND Anal fissure is one of the most common anal-rectum diseases, and approximately 10 percent patients with chronic anal fissure ultimately receive surgery. Relieving postoperative pain and protecting functions of the sphincter are central issues for coloproctologists. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of anoplasty in the treatment of(More)
The precursor of a secretory protein usually contains an N-terminal signal peptide (SP), which directs the protein to cross the membrane. We performed a genome-wide analysis of secretory proteins in prokaryotes and eukaryotes, and found that signal peptides evolved faster than mature proteins. To determine whether the evolutionary pattern could be explained(More)
Here we reported that deletion of SigK (SCO6520), a sigma factor in Streptomyces coelicolor, caused an earlier switch from vegetative mycelia to aerial mycelia and higher expression of chpE and chpH than that in the wild type. Loss of SigK also resulted in accelerated and enhanced production of antibiotics, actinorhodin, and undecylprodigiosin and increased(More)