Learn More
In this paper, we describe a routability-driven placer called <i>Ripple</i>. Two major techniques called <i>cell inflation</i> and <i>net-based movement</i> are used in global placement followed by a rough legalization step to reduce congestion. Cell inflation is performed in the horizontal and the vertical directions alternatively. We propose a new method(More)
Modern placement process involves global placement, legalization, and detailed placement. Global placement produce a placement solution with minimized target objective, which is usually wire-length, routability, timing, etc. Legalization removes cell overlap and aligns the cells to the placement sites. Detailed placement further improves the solution by(More)
We previously demonstrated that the detection of circulating cancer cells (CCCs) expressing survivin mRNA could provide valuable information for predicting metastasis and recurrence in breast cancer. The objective of this study was to investigate whether or not the detection of survivin expression in the peripheral blood could also have significant effects(More)
To overcome the PAPR problem of conventional orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) system, a significant amount of methods have been proposed. However, there are few literatures considering the PAPR reduction for uplink orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA) system. In this paper, we focus on the PAPR reduction for random(More)
The haploid megagametophyte of white spruce (Picea glauca) seeds undergoes programmed cell death (PCD) during post-germinative seedling growth. Death of the megagametophyte storage parenchyma cells was preceded by reserve mobilization and vacuolation. TUNEL (terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling)-positive nuclei indicated that(More)
Due to a significant mismatch between the objectives of wirelength and routing congestion, the routability issue is becoming more and more important in VLSI design. In this paper, we present a high quality placer Ripple 2.0 to solve the routability-driven placement problem. We will study how to make use of the routing path information in cell spreading and(More)
This letter proposes an improved detection scheme to mitigate the influence of carrier frequency offsets (CFOs) in uplink orthogonal frequency division multiplexing-interleave division multiple access (OFDM-IDMA) systems. The basic principle is to iteratively estimate and cancel the combined interference from multiple users and CFOs at the receiver so that(More)
This paper presents a controller design method for dealing with the induced &#x2112;<inf>2</inf>-norm problem for switched linear parameter-varying (LPV) systems. Considering the arbitrary switchings caused by the parameters varying, a common parameter-dependent Lyapunov function is employed to derive sufficient linear matrix inequality (LMI) conditions for(More)
One of the main drawbacks of partial transmit sequences (PTS ) scheme is the requirement of side information (SI) for phase recovering at the receiver end, which reduces the frequency efficiency as well as transmitting performance. In this paper, a blind PTS using partial phase recovering scheme without SI is proposed for pilot-aided OFDM systems. The(More)
The aim of this study is to investigate clinical implications of human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) expression in breast cancer. HLA-G expression in 235 primary breast cancer tissues was investigated using immunohistochemistry, and plasma soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G) was measured in 44 breast cancer patients using a specific HLA-G enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(More)