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Although prostate cancer (CaP) is the most frequently diagnosed malignant tumor and the second leading cause of cancer deaths in American men, the mechanisms explaining the development and progression of CaP remain largely unknown. Recent studies have shown that some aberrantly expressed microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in tumorigenesis. Although aberrant(More)
Androgen receptor (AR) is a ligand-induced transcriptional factor, which plays an important role in the normal development of prostate as well as in the progression of prostate cancer. Numerous coactivators, which associate with AR and function to remodel chromatin and recruit RNA polymerase II to enhance the transcriptional potential of AR, have been(More)
BACKGROUND Increasing evidence demonstrates that aberrantly regulated microRNAs (miRNAs) contribute to the initiation and progression of human cancer. We previously have demonstrated that miR-125b stimulated the growth of prostate cancer (CaP) cells. In this study, we further determined the influence of miR-125b on the pathogenesis of CaP. METHODS To(More)
miR-124 targets the androgen receptor (AR) transcript, acting as a tumor suppressor to broadly limit the growth of prostate cancer. In this study, we unraveled the mechanisms through which miR-124 acts in this setting. miR-124 inhibited proliferation of prostate cancer cells in vitro and sensitized them to inhibitors of androgen receptor signaling. Notably,(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients die of prostate cancer (CaP) because predictably after a period of response to androgen withdrawal, their CaP becomes castrate resistant. In this paper, we discuss the role that microRNAs (miRNAs) may play in this process. METHODS miRNAs are a group of endogenous, small non-coding RNA molecules that are thought to be responsible for the(More)
Mutations of p53 are common in hormone-refractory prostate cancer (CaP), suggesting the possibility that these mutations may be involved in the progression of CaP to androgen-independent (AI) growth. However, at present no direct evidence has been presented linking p53 mutations with AI growth of CaP. We established five stably transfected LNCaP cell lines:(More)
BACKGROUND Genistein combined polysaccharide (GCP) is a nutritional supplement that can inhibit prostate cancer growth experimentally and clinically. It is composed predominantly of the isoflavones genistein, daidzein, and glycitein, which have anti-cancer properties. Although genistein is well studied, the properties of GCP are not well defined. The goal(More)
PURPOSE Prostate cancer (PCa) is characterized by deregulated expression of several tumor suppressor or oncogenic miRNAs. The objective of this study was the identification and characterization of miR-let-7c as a potential tumor suppressor in PCa. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Levels of expression of miR-let-7c were examined in human PCa cell lines and tissues(More)
BACKGROUND Tumor suppressor p53 mutations are associated with the transition of prostate cancer to metastatic, hormone-refractory disease and stable expression of p53 gain-of-function (p53GOF) alleles support growth of LNCaP in androgen-depleted medium. In this study, we performed gene expression profiling of four LNCaP-p53GOF sublines to test the(More)
BACKGROUND microRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous short non-coding RNAs, and play a pivotal role in regulating of a variety of cellular processes, including proliferation and apoptosis, both of which are cellular responses to radiation treatment. The purpose of this study is to identify candidate miRNAs whose levels are altered in response to radiation in(More)