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Soil organic carbon (SOC) is of great importance in the global carbon cycle. Distribution patterns of SOC in various regions of China constitute a nation-wide baseline for studies on soil carbon changes. This paper presents an integrated and multi-level study on SOC stock patterns of China, and presents baseline SOC stock estimates by great administrative(More)
Specific molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) for the drug reserpine (RES) using methacrylic acid (MAA) as the functional monomer were developed and characterised for the first time in this study. Evaluation of the various polymers by binding assays indicated that the optimum ratio of functional monomer to template was 4:1. Furthermore, the imprinting(More)
Group-selective molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) made from sulfonamides (SAs) using functional monomer methacrylic acid (MAA) were synthesized. The derived molecularly imprinted solid-phase extraction (MISPE) cartridges were developed for the purification and enrichment of aquatic products. The optimum template molecule and the ratio of the functional(More)
Two types of molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) for the simultaneous determination of six pyrethroid insecticides have been developed using deltamethrin (D-MIPs) and cypermethrin (C-MIPs) as template molecules. A comparison of the performance of D-MIPs, C-MIPs, and the corresponding non-imprinted polymers (NIPs) were conducted. Stronger group-selective(More)
With easily available prior knowledge, we explore a new approach for nulling of reverberation through separating active sonar data into reverberation and moving target echo. From the perspective of signal processing, the method, as outlined below, is based on active sonar data properties and the process of how reverberation is formulated. It is assumed that(More)
Six molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) of erythromycin (ERY) were prepared by noncovalent bulk polymerization using methacrylic acid (MAA) as the functional monomer. On the basis of binding analysis, the MIPs with 1:2 optimum ratio of template to MAA were selected for subsequent scanning electron microscopy and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller analyses, which(More)
Preparation of molecularly imprinted polymer microspheres (MIPMs) for chloramphenicol (CAP) by aqueous suspension polymerization is reported for the first time in this study. The resulting MIPMs had the ability to specifically adsorb CAP, and the molecularly imprinted solid phase extraction (MISPE) based on the MIPMs was shown to be applicable for clean-up(More)
Group-selective molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) for amphenicol antibiotics, including chloramphenicol (CAP), thiamphenicol (TAP), florfenicol (FF), and florfenicol amine (FFA), were developed for the first time using TAP as the template molecule. The characteristics of the obtained MIPs were systematically evaluated by chromatographic methods and(More)
A highly efficient and environment-friendly membrane-assisted solvent extraction system combined with gas chromatography-electron capture detector was applied in the simultaneous determination of 17 polychlorinated biphenyls and organochlorine pesticides in seawater samples. Variables affecting extraction efficiency, including extraction solvent used,(More)
This paper proposes a Bayesian method for underdetermined blind source separation based on the Gaussian mixture model. The proposed algorithm follows a hierarchical learning and alternative estimations for sources and mixing matrix. The independent sources are estimated from their a posteriori means and the mixing matrix is estimated by maximum likelihood(More)