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Methamphetamine (METH) is an illicit psychoactive drug that can cause a variety of detrimental effects to the nervous system, especially dopaminergic pathways. We hypothesized that DNA damage-inducible transcript 4 (DDIT4) is involved in METH-induced dopaminergic neuronal autophagy and apoptosis. To test the hypothesis, we determined changes of DDIT4(More)
OBJECTIVES Surgery is still the main means for removing retained endoscopic capsules. This study intended to evaluate risk factors for surgery in patients with capsule retention. MATERIALS AND METHODS The data of 5348 consecutive capsule endoscopy examinations were retrospectively analyzed. Cox regression analysis was used to evaluate risk factors. (More)
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