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The Rho family of small GTPases, including Rho, Rac, and Cdc42, play essential roles in diverse cellular functions. The ability of Rho family GTPases to participate in signaling events is determined by the ratio of inactive (GDP-bound) and active (GTP-bound) forms in the cell. The activation of Rho family proteins requires the exchange of bound GDP for GTP,(More)
WD40 repeat proteins play important roles in a variety of cellular functions, including cell growth, proliferation, apoptosis, and intracellular signal transduction. Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are evolutionary conserved enzymes in cell signal transduction connecting cell-surface receptors to critical regulatory targets within cells and(More)
We have cloned a novel KRAB-related zinc finger gene, ZNF307, encoding a protein of 545aa. ZNF307 is conserved across species in evolution and is differentially expressed in human adult and fetal tissues. The fusion protein of EGFP-ZNF307 localizes in the nucleus. Transcriptional activity assays show ZNF307 suppresses transcriptional activity of(More)
Cardiac valves serve an important function; they support unidirectional blood flow and prevent blood regurgitation. Wnt signaling plays an important role in the formation of mouse cardiac valves and cardiac valve proliferation in Zebrafish, but identification of the specific signaling components involved has not been addressed systematically. Of the(More)
Zinc finger proteins play important roles in a variety of cellular functions, including cell growth, proliferation, apoptosis, and intracellular signal transduction, and the zinc finger-containing transcription factor has been implicated as a critical regulator of multiple cardiac-expressed genes as well as a regulator of inducible gene expression in(More)
The tripartite motif (TRIM) proteins play important roles in a variety of cellular functions including cell proliferation, differentiation, development, oncogenesis, and apoptosis. In this study, we report the identification and characterization of the human tripartite motif-containing protein 45 (TRIM45), a novel member of the TRIM family, from a human(More)
Cardiac differentiation involves a cascade of coordinated gene expression that regulates cell proliferation and matrix protein formation in a defined temporal-spatial manner. Zinc finger-containing transcription factors have been implicated as critical regulators of multiple cardiac-expressed genes, and are thought to be important for human heart(More)
Kruppel-related zinc-finger proteins constitute the largest individual family of transcription factors in mammals [C. Looman, L. Hellman, M. Abrink, A novel Kruppel-associated box identified in a panel of mammalian zinc-finger proteins, Mammalian Genome 15 (1) (2004) 35-40.[1]]. Here we identified and characterized a novel zinc-finger gene named ZNF446. The(More)
The zinc-finger motif found in many transcription factors is thought to be important for human heart development and diseases. In this study, we have identified and characterized a novel zinc-finger gene named ZNF480 using degenerate primers from an early human embryo heart cDNA library. ZNF480 contains a KRAB-A box and 12 C2H2 zinc fingers. The cDNA(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are evolutionarily conserved enzymes in cell signal transduction connecting cell-surface receptors to critical regulatory targets within cells and control cell survival, adaptation, and proliferation. Previous studies revealed that zinc-finger proteins are involved in the regulation of the MAPK signaling pathways.(More)