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—The Medium Resolution Spectral Imager (MERSI) is a key instrument onboard Fengyun-3 (FY-3), the second generation of polar-orbiting meteorological satellites in China. This paper summarizes the knowledge of MERSI instrument in terms of sensor design, calibration algorithm, prelaunch and on-orbit characterization, and performance verification. The(More)
Based on simulated reflectance, deep convective clouds (DCC) can be used as an invariant target to monitor the radiometric response degradation of the FY-3A/MERSI (Medium Resolution Spectral Imager) reflective solar bands (RSBs). The long-term response of the MERSI RSBs can easily be predicted using a quadratic fit of the monthly DCC mean reflectance,(More)
FengYun-3 (FY-3) Visible Infrared Radiometer (VIRR), along with its predecessor, Multispectral Visible Infrared Scanning Radiometer (MVISR), onboard FY-1C&D have had continuous global observation more than 14 years. This data record is valuable for weather prediction, climate monitoring, and environment research. Data quality is vital for satellite data(More)
—The MEdium-Resolution Spectral Imager (MERSI), onboard the second-generation Chinese polar-orbit meteorological satellite FY-3A, is a MODIS-like sensor with 19 solar bands and one thermal infrared band. Although there is a visible onboard calibration device, it can only be used for tracking temporal instrument degradation. The vicarious calibration (VC)(More)
Glyphosate formulations that are used as a broad-spectrum systemic herbicide have been widely applied in agriculture, causing increasing concerns about residues in soils. In this study, the degradation dynamics of glyphosate in different types of citrus orchard soils in China were evaluated under field conditions. Glyphosate soluble powder and aqueous(More)