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Internalization of cell surface receptors, followed by either recycling back to the plasma membrane or degradation, is crucial for receptor homeostasis and signaling. The plant brassinosteroid (BR) receptor, BRASSINOSTEROID INSENSITIVE 1 (BRI1), undergoes constitutive cycling between the plasma membrane and the internal membranes. We show that protein(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades are involved in plant development, stress responses and hormonal signal transduction. MAPK kinases (MAPKKs), as the key nodes in these cascades, link MAPKs and MAPKK kinases (MAPKKKs). In this study, GhMKK4, a novel group C MAPKK gene from cotton (Gossypium hirsutum), was isolated and identified. Its(More)
AIMS/INTRODUCTION Previous meta-analyses identified an inverse association of total alcohol consumption with the risk of type 2 diabetes. The current study further explored the relationship between specific types of alcoholic beverage and the incidence of type 2 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS A search of PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library databases from(More)
AIMS AND BACKGROUND Estradiol exerts most of its effects by direct binding to the estrogen receptor in breast carcinoma, ERβ expression is a useful biomarker for breast cancer in a manner that is independent of ERa expression. However, studies evaluating ERβ expression with certain tumor variables, such as tumor grade and disease-free survival, had produced(More)
WRKY transcription factors form one of the largest transcription factor families and function as important components in the complex signaling processes that occur during plant stress responses. However, relative to the research progress in model plants, far less information is available on the function of WRKY proteins in cotton. In the present study, we(More)
AIM The goal of this study was to investigate the association between omentin-1 and carotid atherosclerosis in patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHOD We enrolled randomly 60 MetS patients, evaluated their carotid atherosclerosis employing ultrasonography and then divided them into two subgroups, MetS with atherosclerosis (MetS+AS) and MetS(More)
Thioredoxin peroxidase (Tpxs) plays an important role in maintaining redox homeostasis and in protecting organisms from the accumulation of toxic reactive oxygen species (ROS). Here, we isolated a mitochondrial thioredoxin peroxidase gene from Apis cerana cerana, AccTpx-3. The open reading frame (ORF) of AccTpx-3 is 729 bp in length and encodes a predicted(More)
Caffeine and aspirin have been suggested to be involved in neurologic diseases, such as schizophrenia, and previous data have revealed that abnormal expression of HERV-W elements may be an important factor in the etiopathogenesis of those diseases. In this article, we reported that caffeine and aspirin contributed to the expression of HERV-W env and gag in(More)