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Mitotic phosphorylation of the spindle checkpoint component BubR1 is highly conserved throughout evolution. Here, we demonstrate that BubR1 is phosphorylated on the Cdk1 site T620, which triggers the recruitment of Plk1 and phosphorylation of BubR1 by Plk1 both in vitro and in vivo. Phosphorylation does not appear to be required for spindle checkpoint(More)
Spatial and temporal coordination of polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) activity is necessary for mitosis and cytokinesis, and this is achieved through binding to phosphorylated docking proteins with distinct subcellular localizations. Although cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (Cdk1) creates these phosphorylated docking sites in metaphase, a general principle that explains(More)
BACKGROUND A vaccine for enterovirus 71 (EV71) is needed to address the high burden of disease associated with infection. We assessed the efficacy, safety, immunogenicity, antibody persistence, and immunological correlates of an inactivated alum-adjuvant EV71 vaccine. METHODS We did a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial. Healthy(More)
The BubR1 checkpoint protein performs multiple functions in mitosis. We have carried out a functional analysis of conserved motifs of human BubR1 (also known as BUB1B) and demonstrate that spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) and chromosome attachment functions can be uncoupled from each other. Mutation of five proline-directed serine phosphorylation sites,(More)
Multiple mitotic kinesins and microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) act in concert to direct cytokinesis (Glotzer, M. 2005. Science. 307:1735-1739). In anaphase cells, many of these proteins associate with an antiparallel array of microtubules termed the central spindle. The MAP and microtubule-bundling protein PRC1 (protein-regulating cytokinesis 1) is(More)
The role of thromboxane receptor alpha (TPalpha) in tumor growth and angiogenesis was investigated in a nude mice model and in cell culture. Stable human lung cancer A549 cells over-expressing TPalpha (A549-TPalpha) was generated and used to inoculate athymic nude mice. A549-TPalpha cells induced greater tumor growth and increased vascularization in tumors(More)
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is one of the major pathogens that cause hand, foot, and mouth disease outbreaks in young children in the Asia-Pacific region in recent years. Human scavenger receptor class B 2 (SCARB2) is the main cellular receptor for EV71 on target cells. The requirements of the EV71-SCARB2 interaction have not been fully characterized, and it has(More)
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) has led to recent outbreaks of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in China, resulting in high mortality. In this study, several monoclonal antibodies were generated by immunizing mice with two synthetic peptides, SP55 and SP70, containing amino acids 163-177 and 208-222 of VP1. The specificities of the anti-EV71 peptide monoclonal(More)
Previous studies implicate that activation of thromboxane A(2) receptor (TP) induced cell proliferation and transformation in several cell lines. We report here that the activation of TP by its agonist, [1S-[1alpha, 2alpha (Z), 3beta (1E, 3S*), 4alpha]]-7-[3-[3-hydroxy-4-(4-iodophenoxy)-1-butenyl]-7-oxabicyclo [2.2.1] hept-2-yl]-5-heptenoic acid (I-BOP),(More)
We demonstrate the first metal–semiconductor fieldeffect transistor with a self-assembled planar 〈110〉 GaAs nanowire channel. Well-defined dc output and transfer characteristics have been observed with a subthreshold slope of ∼150 mV/dec, maximum gm of 23 mS/mm, and excellent on-current saturation. Bulklike mobility of ∼4100 cm/V · s with corresponding(More)