Learn More
Nitrite anions comprise the largest vascular storage pool of nitric oxide (NO), provided that physiological mechanisms exist to reduce nitrite to NO. We evaluated the vasodilator properties and mechanisms for bioactivation of nitrite in the human forearm. Nitrite infusions of 36 and 0.36 micromol/min into the forearm brachial artery resulted in supra- and(More)
Experiments were performed on rabbits and SD rats, both anesthetized with urethane (1.0 g/kg, i.v. or i.p.). Discharges of phrenic nerve and the diaphragmatic muscle electric activities were monitored. Discharge patterns of the respiration-related neurons (RRNs) in the medial area of nucleus retrofacialis (mNRF) were recorded and analyzed. Among the 249(More)
Heme oxygenase (HO)-1 (encoded by Hmox1) catalyzes the oxidative degradation of heme to biliverdin and carbon monoxide. HO-1 is induced during inflammation and oxidative stress to protect tissues from oxidative damage. Because intravascular thrombosis forms at sites of tissue inflammation, we hypothesized that HO-1 protects against arterial thrombosis(More)
Global transcriptome analysis of whole blood RNA using microarrays has been proven to be challenging due to the high abundance of globin transcripts that constitute 70% of whole blood mRNA. This is a particular problem in patients with sickle cell disease, secondary to the high abundance of globin-expressing nucleated red blood cells and reticulocytes in(More)
Regulatory T cells (Treg) play important roles in suppressing immune responses and maintaining tolerance. Rabbit antithymocyte globulin (rATG) and horse ATG (hATG) are widely used in the treatment of immune-mediated syndromes, but their effects on Treg are unknown. We show here that in vitro culture of normal human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs)(More)
BACKGROUND In sickle cell disease, ischemia-reperfusion injury and intravascular hemolysis produce endothelial dysfunction and vasculopathy characterized by reduced nitric oxide and arginine bioavailability. Recent functional studies of platelets in patients with sickle cell disease reveal a basally activated state, which suggests that pathological platelet(More)
The majority of clonotypic CD4(+) T cells in the intestinal lamina propria of DO11.10 TCR transgenic mice have an activated/memory phenotype and produce effector cytokines despite the absence of prior exposure to ovalbumin (OVA), the transgene-specific antigen. A small number of splenic T cells have a similar phenotype. Clonotypic T cells from Peyer's patch(More)
Prompt detection of drug resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis is essential for effective control of tuberculosis (TB). We developed a Multi-PCR-SSCP method that detects more than 80% commonly observed isoniazid (INH) and rifampin (RIF) resistance M. tuberculosis in a single assay. The usefulness of the newly developed method was evaluated with 116(More)