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IMPORTANCE Uncertainty remains about the efficacy of folic acid therapy for the primary prevention of stroke because of limited and inconsistent data. OBJECTIVE To test the primary hypothesis that therapy with enalapril and folic acid is more effective in reducing first stroke than enalapril alone among Chinese adults with hypertension. DESIGN, SETTING,(More)
Intracellular redox state has been suggested to have various effects on the replication of different viruses within host cells. The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of reactive oxygen species (ROS) on replication of porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2), in PK15 cells. Following PCV2 infection there was a time-dependent increase in ROS.(More)
The effects of selenium-enriched probiotics (SP) on tissue selenium (Se) deposition, glutathione peroxidase-1 (GPx1) activity and mRNA level, and heat shock protein (Hsp) mRNA levels of piglets under heat stress conditions were investigated. A total of 48 crossbred ([Landrace × Yorkshire] × Duroc) piglets were randomly divided into 4 groups and fed a basal(More)
BACKGROUND Dementia is increasingly prevalent due to rapid aging of the population, but under-recognized among people with low education levels. This is partly due to a lack of appropriate and precise normative data, which underestimates cognitive aging in the use of screening tools for dementia. OBJECTIVE We aimed to improve the precision of screening(More)
This research was conducted to evaluate the effects of selenium-enriched probiotics (SP) on growth performance, antioxidant status, immune function, and selenoprotein gene expression of piglets under natural high ambient temperature in summer. Forty-eight crossbred weanling piglets randomly allocated to four groups were fed for 42 days ad libitum a basal(More)
Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is recognized as a key infectious agent in postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS), but not all pigs infected with PCV2 will develop PMWS. The aim of this work was to explore the relationships among PCV2 infection, oxidative stress, and selenium in a PK-15 cell culture model of PCV2 infection. The results showed(More)
AFB1 is a mycotoxin which exerts their cytotoxicity through increasing oxidative damage in target organ. Kidney is one of target organs vulnerable to damage caused by AFB1. In this study, Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells were used to evaluate the AFB1-induced cell damage by the MTT assay. The results revealed that the toxic effect of AFB1 on MDCK(More)
BACKGROUND No agreement has been reached for the best surgical treatment for patients with chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Our objective was to meta-analyze the clinical outcomes of repair and replacement. METHODS A computerized search was performed using Pubmed, Embase, Ovid medline and(More)
OBJECTIVES Redox status influences replication of some viruses but its effect on porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2), the primary causative agent of the emerging swine disease post-weaning multisystemic wasting syndrome is not known. The interaction of PCV2 replication with intracellular redox status in PK15 cells was examined in this study. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We sought to determine whether folic acid supplementation can independently reduce the risk of first stroke associated with elevated total cholesterol levels in a subanalysis using data from the CSPPT (China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial), a double-blind, randomized controlled trial. METHODS A total of 20 702 hypertensive adults(More)