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The cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk)-associated protein phosphatase KAP is a dual-specificity phosphatase of which the only known function is to dephosphorylate Cdk2 and inhibit cell cycle progression. Paradoxically, we find increased KAP mRNA expression in malignant astrocytomas, which correlates with increasing histologic grade and decreased patient(More)
Using a multidimensional genomic data set on glioblastoma from The Cancer Genome Atlas, we identified hsa-miR-26a as a cooperating component of a frequently occurring amplicon that also contains CDK4 and CENTG1, two oncogenes that regulate the RB1 and PI3 kinase/AKT pathways, respectively. By integrating DNA copy number, mRNA, microRNA, and DNA methylation(More)
A novel genome-wide screen that combines patient outcome analysis with array comparative genomic hybridization and mRNA expression profiling was developed to identify genes with copy number alterations, aberrant mRNA expression, and relevance to survival in glioblastoma. The method led to the discovery of physical gene clusters within the cancer genome with(More)
The imprinted gene PEG3 confers parenting and sexual behaviors, alters growth and development, and regulates apoptosis. However, a molecular mechanism that can account for the diverse functions of Peg3/Pw1 is not known. To elucidate Peg3-regulated pathways, we performed a functional screen in zebrafish. Enforced overexpression of PEG3 mRNA during zebrafish(More)
How conformational signals initiated from one end of the integrin are transmitted to the other end remains elusive. At the ligand-binding βI domain, the α1/α1'-helix changes from a bent to a straightened α-helical conformation upon integrin headpiece opening. We demonstrated that a conserved glycine at the α1/α1' junction is crucial for maintaining the bent(More)
Glioblastoma contains a hierarchy of stem-like cancer cells, but how this hierarchy is established is unclear. Here, we show that asymmetric Numb localization specifies glioblastoma stem-like cell (GSC) fate in a manner that does not require Notch inhibition. Numb is asymmetrically localized to CD133-hi GSCs. The predominant Numb isoform, Numb4, decreases(More)
Paramyxovirus infections can be detected worldwide with some emerging zoonotic viruses and currently there are no specific therapeutic treatments or vaccines available for many of these diseases. Recent studies have demonstrated that peptides derived from the two heptad repeat regions (HR1 and HR2) of paramyxovirus fusion proteins could be used as(More)
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