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The availability of iron is known to exert a controlling influence on biological productivity in surface waters over large areas of the ocean and may have been an important factor in the variation of the concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide over glacial cycles. The effect of iron in the Southern Ocean is particularly important because of its large(More)
[1] Biogeochemical responses to physical changes associated with the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon are studied for the period of 1990– 2001 using a physical-biogeochemical model. During warm ENSO, the ferricline deepens in the central and eastern equatorial Pacific, resulting in low biomass and low export production. Zooplankton and large(More)
There is considerable interest in the biogeochemical cycling of cadmium (Cd) and phosphate (PO 4) in surface waters, driven in part by the ongoing development of a paleonutrient proxy that utilizes Cd preserved in fossil planktonic foraminifera to determine past PO 4 utilization efficiencies in ocean surface waters. The present article reports the results(More)
With increasing interest in the carbon cycle on arid land, there is an urgent need to quantify both soil organic carbon (SOC) and inorganic carbon (SIC) thus to assess various methods. Here, we present a study employing three methods for determinations of SOC and SIC in the Yanqi Basin of northwest China. We use an elemental analyzer for both SOC and SIC,(More)
We aimed to quantify the relative contributions of plant residue and organic manure to soil carbon sequestration. Using a 27-year-long inorganic fertilizer and manure amendment experiment in a maize (Zea mays L.) double-cropping system, we quantified changes in harvestable maize biomass and soil organic carbon stocks (0-20 cm depth) between 1986-2012. By(More)
—Approximate duplicate detection based on the Decaying Bloom Filter (DBF) for data streams over sliding windows (DDMDBF) [1] is an effective technique, but may have a large false positive rate. Because it simply takes a querying element to be duplicated when the counters that this element is hashed to are non-zero, while neglects the actual values of the(More)
Soil organic matter models are widely used to study soil organic carbon (SOC) dynamics. Here, we used the CENTURY model to simulate SOC in wheat-corn cropping systems at three long-term fertilization trials. Our study indicates that CENTURY can simulate fertilization effects on SOC dynamics under different climate and soil conditions. The normalized root(More)
Soil organic carbon (SOC) dynamics in agro-ecosystem is largely influenced by cropping. However, quantifying the contributions of various crops has been lacking. Here we employed a stable isotopic approach to evaluate the contributions of wheat and maize residues to SOC at three long-term experimental sites in north China. Soil samples were collected from(More)