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Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multigenic disease associated with IgG hypergammaglobulinemia, IgG anti-nuclear antibodies and immune complex (IC)-type glomerulonephritis. In both human and murine SLE, one susceptibility allele has been mapped to the interval linked to the IgG Fc receptor II (FcgammaRII) gene on chromosome 1. In spontaneous SLE(More)
Mounting evidence suggests that brain inflammation mediated by glial cells may contribute to epileptogenesis. Minocycline is a second-generation tetracycline and has potent antiinflammatory effects independent of its antimicrobial action. The present study aimed to investigate whether minocycline could exert antiepileptogenic effects in a rat(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE 5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is a key regulator of the gastrointestinal system and we have shown that submucosal neuronal 5-HT(3) receptors exerted a novel inhibitory effect on colonic ion transport. The aim of the present study was to investigate the precise mechanism(s) underlying this inhibitory effect. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is known to promote neurogenesis and survival. However, recent studies have suggested that IGF-1 regulates neuronal firing and excitatory neurotransmission. In the present study, focusing on temporal lobe epilepsy, we found that IGF-1 levels and IGF-1 receptor activation are increased in human epileptogenic tissues, and(More)
Epilepsy is one of the most common and severe neurologic diseases. The mechanisms of epilepsy are still not fully understood. Dock3 (dedicator of cytokinesis 3) is one of the new kinds of guanine–nucleotide exchange factors (GEF) and plays an important role in neuronal synaptic plasticity and cytoskeleton rearrangement; the same mechanisms were also found(More)
Repulsive guidance molecule a (RGMa) is a membrane-bound protein that inhibits axon outgrowth in the central nervous system. Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is a common neurological disorder characterized by recurrent spontaneous seizures. To explore the role of RGMa in epilepsy, we investigated the expression of RGMa in patients with TLE, pilocarpine-induced(More)
Nitrogen permease regulator like-2(NPRL2) is a candidate tumor suppressor gene(TSG) located on chromosome 3p21.3 and deletions frequently occur in this region, leading to canceration. Recently, molecular pathologic researches have provided valuable insights into the downregulation of NPRL2 in carcinogenesis in some types of cancers. However, very little is(More)
In this study, we aimed to predict newly diagnosed patient responses to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging tools to explore changes in spontaneous brain activity. We recruited 21 newly diagnosed epileptic patients, 8 drug-resistant (DR) patients, 11 well-healed (WH) patients, and 13 healthy controls. After a(More)
Epilepsy is one of the most common, chronic, neurological diseases. The pathology of epilepsy is based on abnormal synchronization of neuronal discharges. Epithelial sodium channels, which are constitutively active, non-voltage-gated, highly selective sodium channels belonging to the epithelial sodium channel/degenerin (ENaC/deg) family, contribute to(More)
JNK-interacting protein 3 (JIP3), also known as JNK stress-activated protein kinase-associated protein 1 (JSAP1), is a scaffold protein mainly involved in the regulation of the pro-apoptotic signaling cascade mediated by c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK). Overexpression of JIP3 in neurons in vitro has been reported to lead to accelerated activation of JNK and(More)