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Cultivation of the oyster mushroom, Pleurotus sajor-caju, on rice and wheat straw without nutrient supplementation was investigated. The effects of straw size reduction method and particle size, spawn inoculation level, and type of substrate (rice straw versus wheat straw) on mushroom yield, biological efficiency, bioconversion efficiency, and substrate(More)
The Archaea population of anaerobic sequential batch reactor (ASBR) featuring cycle operations under varying hydraulic retention time (HRT) was evaluated for treating a dilute waste stream. Terminal-Restriction Length Polymorphism and clone libraries for both 16S rRNA gene and mcrA gene were employed to characterize the methanogenic community structure.(More)
The aim of this work was to investigate the effects of aeration rate, aeration method, moisture content, and manure age on the characteristics of dairy manure composting with rice straw in terms of composting temperature, oxygen consumption rate, emission of odorous gases, and final compost property. It was found that the aeration rate of 0.25 L/min-kg VS(More)
The co-digestion of fruit & vegetable waste (FVW) and food waste (FW) was performed at various organic loading ratios (OLRs) in single-phase and two-phase system, respectively. The results showed that the ethanol-type fermentation dominated in both digestion processes when OLR was at low levels (<2.0 g(VS) L(-1) d(-1)). The propionic acid was rapidly(More)
A new method of wet state (WS) sodium hydroxide (NaOH) was advanced to pretreat corn stover for enhancing biogas production. The results showed that 88% moisture content, 3-day treatment time and ambient temperature (20 degrees C) was appropriate for WS NaOH pretreatment. The NaOH dose of 2% and the loading rate of 65 g/L were found to be optimal in terms(More)
The one-step blending approach has been suggested for genomic prediction in dairy cattle. The core of this approach is to incorporate pedigree and phenotypic information of non-genotyped animals. The objective of this study was to investigate the improvement of the accuracy of genomic prediction using the one-step blending method in Chinese Holstein cattle.(More)
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) infection results in extensive tissue inflammation and damage, which are believed to be responsible for increased susceptibility to secondary infection and even for death. However, its pathogenic mechanisms are not fully understood. To explore the mechanism underlying the PRRSV-induced tissue(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) has a well-defined action on neoplastic lymphangiogenesis and angiogenesis through VEGF receptor-3 (VEGFR-3) and VEGFR-2, respectively, which are generally expressed in endothelial cells. The function of the VEGF-C/receptors pathway in tumor cell types is largely unknown. In this study, we examined the(More)
The aim of the current study was to investigate the potential role of microRNA-183-5p (miR-183-5p) in the proliferation, invasion and metastasis of pancreatic cancer, and to identify promising target genes of oncogenic miR-183-5p. Western blotting and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) were used to investigate whether these oncogenic microRNAs(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the antiviral activity of porcine lung surfactant protein A (SP-A) to porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) in vitro. METHODS The SP-A gene was amplified by PCR from the plasmid containing porcine SP-A gene, and subcloned into pcDNA3. 1A-CD5 vector containing the human CD5 signal peptide to generate SP-A(More)