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We study the average capacity performance for multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) free-space optical (FSO) communication systems using multiple partially coherent beams propagating through non-Kolmogorov strong turbulence, assuming equal gain combining diversity configuration and the sum of multiple gamma-gamma random variables for multiple independent(More)
In this paper, we propose a combined system of heterodyne detection with laser pulse and photon counting based on Geiger-mode avalanche photodiode (GM-APD) that is designed to achieve the range of remote non-cooperative target. Based on the heterodyne principle and assuming that the creation of primary electrons in GM-APD is Poisson-distributed, the range(More)
We propose a wide field-of-view optical receiver design based on a fisheye lens and an off-axis catadioptric structure for free-space optical communications. The design utilizes a novel fisheye lens group to compress a wide field angle into a narrow field angle and produce the appropriately collimated light that can effectively be coupled into the following(More)
The most important components of the cognitive radio concept is its ability to measure, sense and learn. One also should be aware of the parameters related to the radio channel characteristics and the availability of spectrum and power. In cognitive radio technology, primary users can be defined as the users who have the highest priority on the usage of a(More)
Achieving narrow resonance is an area of interest within the field of metamaterials. However, only a few studies have investigated the polarization-insensitive resonances. A general principle for improving quality Q-factor of a sharp resonance is still unclear. In this work, we proposed a kind of planar meta-molecule metamaterials, which can exhibit(More)
The three-dimensional (3D) and two-dimensional (2D) chiral metamaterials (CMMs) have been proved to exhibit circular dichroism and circular conversion dichroism, respectively. The layer-by-layer chiral metamaterials, as a category of 3D CMMs, are expected to show the same properties as bulk 3D structures (e.g. helices). However, in this paper, we(More)
The bit error rate (BER) performance of a superstructured fiber Bragg grating (SSFBG)-based optical code division multiple access (OCDMA) system is investigated with different input pulse widths and grating refractive index modulation amplitudes, and the corresponding crosstalk ratio is considered at different data-rates. Simulation results show that(More)
In this paper, the aperture averaged scintillation, mean signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and average bit error rate (BER) for the partially coherent flat-topped vortex hollow beams propagating in turbulent atmosphere are evaluated. The variation of the aperture averaged scintillation against the coherence length of the beams and size of the receiver aperture(More)
Separate absorption grading charge multiplication avalanche photodiodes (SAGCM APDs) are widely accepted in photon starved optical communication systems due to the presence of large photocurrent gain. In this work, we present a detailed analysis of dark currents of planar-type SAGCM InGaAs-InP APDs with different thicknesses of multiplication layer. The(More)