Xiufen Zheng

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Dendritic cells (DC), the most potent APCs, can initiate the immune response or help induce immune tolerance, depending upon their level of maturation. DC maturation is associated with activation of the NF-kappaB pathway, and the primary NF-kappaB protein involved in DC maturation is RelB, which coordinates RelA/p50-mediated DC differentiation. In this(More)
RNAi can specifically regulate gene expression, but efficient delivery of siRNA in vivo is difficult while it has been shown that modified carbon nanotubes (CNT) protect siRNA, facilitate entry into cells and enhance transdermal drugs delivery. Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) were functionalized non-covalently with succinated polyethyleimine(More)
Cancer immunotherapeutic agents (vaccines) in the form of antigen-loaded dendritic cells (DCs) reached an important milestone with the recent approval of Provenge, the first DC vaccine for treatment of prostate cancer. Although this heralds a new era of tumor immunotherapy, it also highlights the compelling need to optimize such DC-based therapies as they(More)
To evaluate the utility of Y-STR data for DNA testing in two ethnic populations of Xinjiang province, a sample of 338 subjects (121 Kazakhs and 217 Uighurs) was tested. In the Kazakh and Uighur populations, the haplotype diversity was 0.868 and 0.996, respectively, and the discrimination capacity was 0.5950 and 0.8940, respectively. High numbers of(More)
Apoptosis is an early event involved in cardiomyopathy associated with diabetes mellitus. Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling triggers cell apoptosis through multiple mechanisms. Up-regulation of TLR4 expression has been shown in diabetic mice. This study aimed to delineate the role of TLR4 in myocardial apoptosis, and to block this process through gene(More)
It has been a challenge to extract DNA from bones previously soaked in water, burned, or buried for a long time, due to the reduced quality and quantity of DNA in the bone samples. The dramatic degradation of the DNA and the presence of PCR inhibitors in the collagen significantly complicate the process of DNA identification in dated and charred bones. In(More)
Dendritic cells are among the most potent antigen-presenting cells and are important in the development of both immunity and tolerance. Tolerogenic dendritic cell (Tol-DC) is a key factor in the induction and maintenance of tolerance during transplantation. However, the precise mechanism and direct evidence of in vivo immune modulation remain unclear. In(More)
Intercellular transfer of organelles via tunneling nanotubes (TNTs) is a novel means of cell-to-cell communication. Here we demonstrate the existence of TNTs between co-cultured RT4 and T24 bladder cancer cells using light microscopy, fluorescence imaging, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Spontaneous unidirectional transfer of mitochondria from T24(More)
We have previously demonstrated that immune modulation can be accomplished by administration of gene silenced dendritic cells (DC) using siRNA. In this study, we demonstrate the therapeutic utilization of shRNA-modified DC as an antigen-specific tolerogenic vaccine strategy for autoimmune arthritis. A shRNA that specifically targets IL-12 p35 was designed(More)
Macrophage polarization is a highly plastic physiological process that responds to a variety of environmental factors by changing macrophage phenotype and function. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are generally recognized as promoting tumor progression. As universal regulators, microRNAs (miRNAs) are functionally involved in numerous critical cellular(More)