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To evaluate the utility of Y-STR data for DNA testing in two ethnic populations of Xinjiang province, a sample of 338 subjects (121 Kazakhs and 217 Uighurs) was tested. In the Kazakh and Uighur populations, the haplotype diversity was 0.868 and 0.996, respectively, and the discrimination capacity was 0.5950 and 0.8940, respectively. High numbers of(More)
Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in organ transplantation significantly contributes to graft failure and is untreatable using current approaches. I/R injury is associated with activation of the complement system, leading to the release of anaphylatoxins, such as C5a, and the formation of the membrane attack complex. Here, we report a novel therapy for(More)
Intercellular transfer of organelles via tunneling nanotubes (TNTs) is a novel means of cell-to-cell communication. Here we demonstrate the existence of TNTs between co-cultured RT4 and T24 bladder cancer cells using light microscopy, fluorescence imaging, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Spontaneous unidirectional transfer of mitochondria from T24(More)
We have previously demonstrated that immune modulation can be accomplished by administration of gene silenced dendritic cells (DC) using siRNA. In this study, we demonstrate the therapeutic utilization of shRNA-modified DC as an antigen-specific tolerogenic vaccine strategy for autoimmune arthritis. A shRNA that specifically targets IL-12 p35 was designed(More)
RNAi can specifically regulate gene expression, but efficient delivery of siRNA in vivo is difficult while it has been shown that modified carbon nanotubes (CNT) protect siRNA, facilitate entry into cells and enhance transdermal drugs delivery. Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) were functionalized non-covalently with succinated polyethyleimine(More)
Cancer immunotherapeutic agents (vaccines) in the form of antigen-loaded dendritic cells (DCs) reached an important milestone with the recent approval of Provenge, the first DC vaccine for treatment of prostate cancer. Although this heralds a new era of tumor immunotherapy, it also highlights the compelling need to optimize such DC-based therapies as they(More)
Tumor-derived immune suppression is a major impediment to successful immune/gene cancer therapy. In the present study, we describe a novel strategy to disrupt tumor-derived immune suppression by silencing a tolerogenic molecule of tumor origin, IDO, using small interfering RNA (siRNA). Silencing of IDO in B16F10 cells in vitro using IDO-siRNA prevented(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury occurs in clinical kidney transplantation, which results in graft dysfunction and rejection. It has been documented that I/R injury is associated with complement activation and renal cell apoptosis. The purpose of this study was to develop a strategy to prevent I/R injury using small interfering RNA (siRNA) that(More)
Apoptosis is an early event involved in cardiomyopathy associated with diabetes mellitus. Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling triggers cell apoptosis through multiple mechanisms. Up-regulation of TLR4 expression has been shown in diabetic mice. This study aimed to delineate the role of TLR4 in myocardial apoptosis, and to block this process through gene(More)
BACKGROUND Apoptotic pathways mediated by caspases play a critical role in renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). Downregulation of the caspase cascade, using small interfering RNA (siRNA) to silence the expression of caspase 3 and caspase 8, may have substantial therapeutic potential for limiting renal injury. METHODS IRI was induced in mice by(More)