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BACKGROUND This study was conducted to ascertain the feasibility of using rapid oral fluid testing as an alternative HIV testing method in China. METHOD This is a mixed-method study among men who have sex with men (MSM), female sex workers (FSW) and VCT clients, conducted in 4 cities in Shandong Province. A pre-tested questionnaire was administered to(More)
BACKGROUND The availability of oral fluid HIV rapid testing provides an approach that may have the potential to expand HIV testing in China, especially among most-a-risk populations. There are few investigations about the acceptability of oral fluid HIV testing among most-at-risk populations in China. METHOD A cross-sectional study with men who have sex(More)
Polyethylenimine (PEI) has attracted much attention as a DNA condenser, but its toxicity and non-specific targeting limit its potential. To overcome these limitations, Antheraea pernyi silk fibroin (ASF), a natural protein rich in arginyl-glycyl-aspartic acid (RGD) peptides that contains negative surface charges in a neutral aqueous solution, was used to(More)
BACKGROUND Men who have sex with men (MSM) have become a high-risk group of HIV infection in China. To date, little is known regarding the behavioral, social and psychological characteristics in Chinese MSM, which makes the implementation of preventive and therapeutic strategies for this high-risk subpopulation of people extremely difficult. METHODS A(More)
Cell-microstructure surface interactions play a significant role in tissue engineering to guide cell spreading and migration. However, the mechanisms underlying cell-topography interactions are complex and remain elusive. To address this topic, microsphere array patterns were prepared on silk fibroin films through polystyrene microsphere self-assembly,(More)
Degradation behavior is very important in the field of silk-based biomaterials. Mulberry and nonmulberry silk fibroins are structurally and functionally distinguishable; however, no studies have examined the differences in the degradation behaviors of silk materials from various silkworm species. In this study, Ca(NO3)2 was used as a uniform solvent to(More)
This paper presents a novel area-based stereo matching algorithm based on improved census transform under changing illumination. For the traditional census-based stereo matching, the result is not robust under variant illumination, because the intensity value of center pixel in the mask is affected by the noise to cause distortion. In order to solve this(More)
In this paper, the characteristics of underwater image and the importance of color features in underwater object recognition are presented. Classical illumination invariant color models are analyzed. Our goal is to study and evaluate the various color models in underwater object recognition applications. The illumination invariant color models yuv, c1c2c3,(More)
The physical, chemical, and bioactive cues provided by biomaterials are critical for spinal cord regeneration following injury. In this study, we investigated the bioactivity of a silk-based scaffold for nerve tissue remodeling that featured morphological guidance in the form of ridges as well as bioactive molecules. Multichannel/laminin (LN) silk scaffolds(More)
Micropatterned biomaterials have been used to direct cell alignment for specific tissue engineering applications. However, the understanding of how cells respond to guidance cues remains limited. Plasticity in protrusion formation has been proposed to enable cells to adapt their motility mode to microenvironment. In this study, the authors investigated the(More)