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In the present study, surface functional groups of titanium surfaces gone through different treatments, including acid etched treatment (AE), nitric acid treatment (NT), heat treatment (HT), and alkali treatment (AT), and their behaviors in vitro and in vivo was thoroughly studied by spectroscopic analysis. In vitro and in vivo results revealed that the(More)
Chlorohydroaspyrones A (1) and B (2), antibacterial aspyrone derivatives, and the previously described aspyrone (3), asperlactone (4), and penicillic acid (5) have been isolated from the broth of a marine isolate of the fungus Exophiala. The structure and absolute stereochemistry of the compounds were determined on the basis of the physicochemical data(More)
Alcoholic liver disease, which is one of the most serious liver disorders, has been known to cause by ethanol intake. In the present study, in vivo hepatoprotective effects of dieckol-rich phlorotannins (DRP) from Ecklonia cava, a brown seaweed, on ethanol induced hepatic damage in BALB/c mice liver were investigated. After administration of 5 and 25mg/kg(More)
Amelogenin (Amel) accelerates the nucleation of hydroxyapatite (HAP) in supersaturated solutions of calcium phosphate (Ca-P), shortening the induction time (delay period), under near-physiological conditions of pH, temperature, and ionic strength. Hierarchically organized Amel and amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) nanorod microstructures are formed(More)
Enamelin and amelogenin are vital proteins in enamel formation. The cooperative function of these two proteins controls crystal nucleation and morphology in vitro. We quantitatively analyzed the co-localization between enamelin and amelogenin by confocal microscopy and using two antibodies, one raised against a sequence in the porcine 32 kDa enamelin region(More)
Enamel matrix proteins, including the most abundant amelogenin and lesser amounts of enamelin, ameloblastin, and proteinases, play vital roles in controlling crystal nucleation and growth during enamel formation. The cooperative action between amelogenin and the 32-kDa enamelin is critical to regulating the growth morphology of octacalcium phosphate(More)
Amelogenin is cleaved by enamelysin (Mmp-20) soon after its secretion, and the cleavage products accumulate in specific locations during enamel formation, suggesting that parent amelogenin proteolysis is necessary for activating its functions. To investigate the precise roles of Mmp-20 and its influence on the assembly of amelogenin, an in vitro enzymatic(More)
In the present study, the attenuation of type ІІ diabetes by dieckol, a phlorotannin derivative isolated from brown seaweed, Ecklonia cava was investigated in C57BL/KsJ-db/db, a type ІІ diabetes mouse model. Dieckol was administered intraperitoneal injection at doses of 10 and 20 mg/kg body weight diabetes mice for 14 days. The blood glucose level, serum(More)
BACKGROUND Large amounts of citrus by-products are released from juice-processing plants every year. Most bioactive compounds are found in the peel and inner white pulp. Flavonoids are a widely distributed group of bioactive compounds. The methanolic extract of citrus peel powder has been shown to possess strong antioxidant activity. Therefore the aim of(More)
Biomimetic reconstruction of tooth enamel is a significant topic of study in materials science and dentistry as a novel approach to the prevention, restoration, and treatment of defective enamel. We have developed a new amelogenin-containing chitosan hydrogel for enamel reconstruction that works through amelogenin supramolecular assembly, stabilizing Ca-P(More)