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OBJECTIVE The aim of this study is to investigate local cardiac and circulating AVP secretion during heart failure and to determine whether AVP mediates ventricular remodeling. METHODS We assessed cardiac function and AVP levels of post-myocardial infarction (MI) heart-failure rats 3 weeks (n = 10), 4 weeks (n = 10), 6 weeks (n = 10), 9 weeks (n = 15)(More)
OBJECTIVES Inflammation and platelet aggregation and activation are key processes in the initiation of a cardiovascular event. Patients with metabolic syndrome have a high risk of cardiovascular events. This study determined whether small and medium doses of aspirin have anti-inflammation and antiplatelet aggregation effects in patients with metabolic(More)
RATIONALE Tachycardia-induced atrial fibrosis is a hallmark of structural remodeling of atrial fibrillation (AF). The molecular mechanisms underlying the AF-induced atrial fibrosis remain unclear. OBJECTIVE To determine the role of angiotensin II (Ang II)/Ang II type 1 (AT(1)) receptor-coupled transforming growth factor (TGF)-β(1)/Smad signaling pathway(More)
Statins ameliorate myocardial fibrosis after myocardial infarction. We designed this study to determine whether fluvastatin reduced hypertension-induced myocardial hypertrophy and fibrosis and whether these fluvastatin effects involved transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1) and Smad 7, factors known to play a role in the myocardial hypertrophy and(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the effects of ischemic postconditioning on ischemia/reperfusion injury in isolated hypertrophied rat heart and investigate the signal transduction pathway changes induced by ischemia postconditioning. METHODS Cardiac hypertrophy was induced in rats by abdominal aortic banding, and isolated hypertrophied rat heart ischemia/reperfusion(More)
Angiotensin II is a powerful mediator to induce cardiac remodeling and fibrosis. Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) have been implicated in the angiotensin II-induced cardiac fibrosis. However, the signaling pathways for this angiotensin II effect and the interaction between ERK and the TGF-beta1(More)
Tachycardia-induced atrial fibrosis is a hallmark of the structural remodeling of atrial fibrillation (AF). The mechanisms underlying tachycardia-induced atrial fibrosis remain unclear. In our previous study, we found that Smad7-downregulation promoted the development of atrial fibrosis in AF. Fibroblasts are enriched in microRNA-21 (miR-21), which(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelial dysfunction is the earliest marker for age-related abnormalities in vascular function, and examination of endothelial function has important clinical relevance. The present study was performed to evaluate effects of aging on arterial elasticity by using pulse waveform analysis and to investigate whether the changes in arterial(More)
This study investigated the change of transient receptor potential melastatin 7 (TRPM7) expression by high glucose and its role in hyperglycemia induced injury of vascular endothelial cells. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were incubated in the presence or absence of high concentrations of D-glucose (HG) for 72 h. RT-PCR, Real-time PCR,(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) often have increased aldosterone activity that leads to hypomagnesemia. Hypomagnesemia can induce arrhythmias, an important cause of death in patients with CHF. We determined whether the aldosterone receptor antagonist spironolactone improved magnesium homeostasis and reduced arrhythmias in patients(More)