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β-elemene is an active component of a natural plant-derived antineoplastic agent. Although the anticancer activity of β-elemene has been reported, its antitumor mechanism has not been elucidated. The aim of the present study was to investigate how Cbl-regulated Akt and ERK affect β-elemene-induced cell apoptosis in lung cancer cells. In the present study,(More)
Bufalin is the active ingredient of the Chinese medicine Chan Su, and it has been reported that bufalin induces apoptosis in some human leukemia and solid cancer cell lines. The exact mechanism of bufalin-induced apoptosis is, however, still not clear. In this study, we demonstrated that bufalin inhibited the proliferation of gastric cancer MGC803 cells in(More)
Gastric cancer cells are insensitive to tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), and we recently showed that lipid raft-regulated epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activation antagonized TRAIL-induced apoptosis. However, it is not clear whether caveolin-1, an essential structural constituent of lipid rafts, regulates lipid(More)
β-Elemene, a compound found in an herb used in traditional Chinese medicine, has shown promising anti-cancer effects against a broad spectrum of tumors. The mechanism by which β-elemene kills cells remains unclear. The aim of the present study is to investigate the anti-tumor effect of β-elemene on human gastric cancer cells and the molecular mechanism(More)
AIM To evaluate the outcomes of patients with medium-sized hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who underwent percutaneous microwave ablation (MWA). METHODS We retrospectively reviewed all patients with a single medium-sized HCC who underwent percutaneous MWA from January 2010 to January 2013. Technical success, technical effectiveness and complications were(More)
Adaptor protein 3BP2 positively regulates the high affinity IgE receptor (FcepsilonRI)-mediated activation of degranulation in mast cells. Genetic study identified the point mutations of 3BP2 gene in human-inherited disease cherubism. The multiple cysts in cherubism lesion of jaw bones are filled with the activated osteoclasts and stromal cells, including(More)
Gastric cancer cells are usually insensitive to tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL). In the present study, in MGC803 cells treated with 100 ng/ml TRAIL for 24 h, the inhibition rate of cell proliferation was 9.76±2.39% and the rate of cell apoptosis was only 4.37 ± 1.45%. Treatment with epirubicin (1.18 µg/ml, IC50 dose for 24 h)(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of non-protein-coding small RNAs with the capacity to regulate fundamental biological processes essential for cancer initiation and progression. In the present study, we analyzed miRNA expression levels between multidrug-resistant gastric carcinoma cell line SGC7901/ADR and its parent cell line SGC7901 using a miRNA(More)
OBJECTIVES β-Elemene, a novel traditional Chinese medicine, has been shown to be effective against a wide range of tumours. In this study, the antitumour effect of β-elemene on human non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) A549 cells and the mechanism involved have been investigated. METHODS Cell viability and apoptosis were measured by the(More)
TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a potential cancer therapeutic agent that preferentially induces apoptosis in cancer cells. However, breast cancer cells are generally resistant to TRAIL. Bufalin is a major active ingredient of the traditional Chinese medicine ChanSu. The present study aimed to assess the synergistic effect of bufalin and(More)