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Ranolazine inhibits the late Na current and is proposed to reduce angina by decreasing [Na]i during ischemia, thereby reducing Ca influx via Na/Ca exchange (NCX). We sought to test this hypothesis and to determine whether oxidative stress during simulated-demand ischemia activates the late Na current. We measured [Ca]i and [Na]i in rabbit ventricular(More)
1. The electroencephalographic (EEG) effects of drugs interacting with dopaminergic and noradrenergic systems were studied in conscious rats. Power spectra (0 - 30 Hz) were recorded from electrodes implanted bilaterally in the prefrontal cortex. Drug effects on EEG power were calculated as the spectral power following drug administration divided by the(More)
OBJECTIVE Intrauterine growth restriction has been associated with failed maternal physiologic changes such as abnormal spiral artery remodeling and reduced maternal blood volume. A polymorphism of angiotensinogen Thr235 has been considered a risk factor for preeclampsia. We genotyped maternal and fetal deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) for angiotensinogen Thr235(More)
The autosomal dominant mutation in the human alphaB-crystallin gene inducing a R120G amino acid exchange causes a multisystem, protein aggregation disease including cardiomyopathy. The pathogenesis of cardiomyopathy in this mutant (hR120GCryAB) is poorly understood. Here, we show that transgenic mice overexpressing cardiac-specific hR120GCryAB recapitulate(More)
NF-κB is a well-known transcription factor that is intimately involved with inflammation and immunity. We have previously shown that NF-κB promotes inflammatory events and mediates adverse cardiac remodeling following ischemia reperfusion (I/R). Conversely, others have pointed to the beneficial influence of NF-κB in I/R injury related to its anti-apoptotic(More)
AIMS Our goal was to determine if clinically relevant concentrations of aqueous extract of cigarette smoke (CSE) have direct deleterious effects on ventricular myocytes during simulated ischemia, and to investigate the mechanisms involved. METHODS CSE was prepared with a smoking chamber. Ischemia was simulated by metabolic inhibition (MI) with cyanide(More)
This study examines the vasorelaxation of isolated human placental chorionic plate arteries and the perfused fetal-placental vasculature, in vitro, to a variety of nitrovasodilator compounds including glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) sodium nitroprusside (SNP), S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP), S-nitroso-N-glutathione (SNG) and NaNO(2). The effects of these(More)
Nitric oxide is a chemical messenger which functions as a neurotransmitter or as a cytotoxic agent. Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) has been isolated from various mammalian reproductive tissues. The presence or absence of NOS in spermatozoa has not yet been reported. We therefore tested human and murine spermatozoa for NOS activity by measuring the conversion(More)
PURPOSE In acute myocardial infarction, left ventricular (LV) unloading reduces endothelin-1 (ET-1) release. We tested that endogenous ET-1 released during acute myocardial infarction might mediate ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury by stimulating increased intracellular calcium concentration, [Ca(2+)]i, and apoptosis. METHODS Rabbits were subjected to 1 h(More)
This retrospective study was undertaken to determine which factors were associated with outcome in thawed embryo replacement cycles. The number of embryos replaced and the response to exogenous ovarian stimulation in the original IVF cycle were significantly associated with the conception rate.