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N-terminally shortened analogs of the 27-amino-acid and 38-amino-acid forms of the pituitary-adenylate-cyclase-activating neuropeptide, PACAP(1-27) and PACAP(1-38), were synthesized by a solid-phase method. Systematic deletion of the first 13 amino acids of both PACAP was tested by evaluating their ability to occupy the specific and selective PACAP receptor(More)
The neurons in the superior cervical ganglion are active in plasticity and re-modelling in order to adapt to requirements. However, so far, only a few studies dealing with synaptic vesicle related proteins during adaptive processes have been published. In the present paper, changes in content and expression of the synaptic vesicle related proteins in the(More)
The muscarinic pharmacology of C1-methyl-substituted chiral compounds related to McN-A-343 and of (R)- and (S)-dimethindene has been studied. Among the McN-A-343 analogues, the (S)-enantiomers were more potent and had higher affinity than the (R)-isomers. The quaternary compound (S)-BN 228 was found to be the most potent M1-selective agonist known today(More)
N-terminally shortened analogues of PACAP(1-27) and PACAP(1-38), and analogues modified in position 1,2 or 3 were compared for their ability to interact with PACAP receptors and to activate or inhibit adenylate cyclase in rat brain hippocampus membranes. In the PACAP(1-27) series, deletion of the first two amino acids decreased the potency 3000-fold. PACAP(More)
The present study was designed to determine to determine the in vitro affinity profile of (R)-(-)-dimethindene and (S)-(+)-dimethindene at muscarinic receptor subtypes using both functional and binding assays. In addition, the racemate was investigated in functional studies. The functional muscarinic receptors studied were putative M1 receptors in rabbit(More)
Twenty-three human gliomas were analyzed: 13 astroglial neoplasms including three grade II, four grade III, and six grade IV tumors; seven ependymomas; and three oligodendrogliomas. A crude membrane fraction was prepared within 30 min after surgical removal of the tumors and was immediately tested for the presence of pituitary adenylate cyclase activating(More)
1. The effect of the buffer concentration on binding of [3H]-N-methylscopolamine to muscarinic receptors M2 was tested in rat heart. Tracer binding was of low affinity in a 20 mM imidazole buffer (pKD 8.3), inhibited by an increase from 10 to 100 mM of the sodium phosphate buffer concentration (pKD 9.92 to 9.22), slightly inhibited by an increase of the(More)
We investigated the binding and pharmacological properties of the esters of 3,3-dimethylbutan-1-ol (the carbon analogue of choline) with either diphenylglycolic acid, (R)-phenylcyclohexylglycolic acid, or (S)-phenylcyclohexylglycolic acid [BS-6181, (R)-BS-7826 and (S)-BS-7826, respectively] at muscarinic M1, M2, M3 (Hm3) and M4 receptors. The three(More)
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