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Immunofluorescence was used to study immunoreactivity (IR) for corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) in the guinea pig enteric nervous system. CRF-IR was expressed in both the myenteric and the submucosal plexuses of all regions of the large and small intestine and the myenteric plexus of the stomach. CRF-IR nerve fibers were present in the myenteric and(More)
Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), immunohistochemistry, electrophysiological recording, and intraneuronal injection of the neuronal tracer biocytin were integrated in a study of the functional expression of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) receptors in the guinea pig enteric nervous system. RT-PCR revealed expression of CRF1(More)
Oxidation of LDL in the subendothelial space has been proposed to play a key role in atherosclerosis. Endothelial cells produce superoxide anions (O2.-) and oxidize LDL in vitro; however, the role of O2.- in endothelial cell-induced LDL oxidation is unclear. Incubation of human LDL (200 microg/mL) with bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAECs) for 18 hours(More)
ATP is a putative inhibitory neurotransmitter responsible for inhibitory junction potentials (IJPs) at neuromuscular junctions (IJPs) in the intestine. This study tested the hypothesis that the purinergic P2Y(1) receptor subtype mediates the IJPs. IJPs were evoked by focal electrical stimulation in the myenteric plexus and recorded with "sharp"(More)
We tested the hypothesis that ATP is an enteric neurotransmitter that acts at P2Y1 excitatory purinergic receptors on intestinal secretomotor neurons to evoke neurogenic mucosal secretion in the guinea pig. Ussing chamber methods for studying neurogenic intestinal secretion were used to test the hypothesis. Application of ATP evoked concentration-dependent(More)
Electrophysiological recording methods provided evidence for presynaptic release of ATP from enteric neurones and postganglionic sympathetic fibres in the enteric nervous system (ENS) of guinea-pig intestine (J Physiol Lond 2003; 550: 493-504). The released ATP acted at postsynaptic P2Y(1) receptors to evoke slow synaptic excitation in neurones in the(More)
Actions of the 5-HT(4) serotonergic receptor partial agonist, tegaserod, were investigated on mucosal secretion in the guinea-pig and human small intestine and on electrophysiological behaviour of secretomotor neurons in the guinea-pig small intestinal submucosal plexus. Expression of 5-HT(4) receptor protein and immunohistochemical localization of the(More)
Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), the eicosanoid biomediators synthesized from arachidonic acid by cytochrome P450 epoxygenases, are inactivated in many tissues by conversion to dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (DHETs). However, we find that human skin fibroblasts convert EETs mostly to chain-shortened epoxy-fatty acids and produce only small amounts of DHETs.(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Although visceral hypersensitivity is a major pathophysiological feature of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), its molecular mechanisms are still poorly understood. c-fos is a well-established marker of cell activation. Accumulating evidence demonstrates that norepinephrine (NE) system is dysregulated in IBS; however, very little is known(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Physical and/or emotional stresses are important factors in the exacerbation of symptoms in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Several lines of evidence support that a major impact of stress on the gastrointestinal tract occurs via the enteric nervous system. We aimed to evaluate histological changes in the submucosal plexus (SMP) and myenteric(More)