Xisheng Wang

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Chronic infection with Toxoplasma gondii is one of the most common parasitic infections in humans. Formation of tissue cysts is the basis of persistence of the parasite in infected hosts, and this cyst stage has generally been regarded as untouchable. Here we provide the first evidence that the immune system can eliminate T. gondii cysts from the brains of(More)
We previously reported the requirement of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) expression by cells other than T and natural killer (NK) cells in the brain, in addition to T cells, for prevention of toxoplasmic encephalitis following infection with Toxoplasma gondii. In the present study, we analysed the identity of the IFN-gamma-producing non-T, non-NK cells in the(More)
In our attempt to identify a major T cell population(s) that recognizes protective Toxoplasma gondii antigens and produces interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) for prevention of toxoplasmic encephalitis (TE), we found T cell receptor Vbeta8(+) cells to be the most frequent IFN-gamma-producing population infiltrated into the brain of T. gondii-infected BALB/c mice(More)
Interferon-gamma (IFNgamma) is essential for preventing reactivation of chronic infection with Toxoplasma gondii in the brain. We examined the role of IFNgamma on lymphocyte and endothelial adhesion molecule expression and T cell recruitment into the brain during chronic infection with T. gondii in IFNgamma knockout (IFNgamma(-/-)) and wild-type (WT) mice.(More)
We previously reported a requirement of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) production by both T cells and cells other than T or natural killer (NK) cells in the brain for prevention of toxoplasmic encephalitis. In the present study, we examined whether microglia, the resident macrophage system in the brain, produce IFN-gamma in response to infection with(More)
To examine whether cytokine production of CD4(+)immune T cells and CD8(+)immune T cells in Toxoplasma gondii-infected mice differ in their responses to infected cells and to soluble antigens of the parasite, we compared the production of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-4, and IL-10 by the immune T cell populations following in vitro(More)
BALB/c are genetically resistant to development of toxoplasmic encephalitis (TE) when infected with Toxoplasma gondii, whereas CBA/Ca mice are susceptible. We compared TCR Vbeta chain usage in lymphocytes infiltrated into brains between these animals following infection. TCR Vbeta8(+) cells were the most frequent T cell population in brains of infected,(More)
We examined the role of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) in expression of chemokine mRNA and proteins in the brain during chronic infection with Toxoplasma gondii using BALB/c and BALB/c-background IFN-γ knockout (IFN-γ(-/-)) mice. BALB/c mice are genetically resistant to development of toxoplasmic encephalitis and establish a latent, chronic infection in the brain(More)
Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) activation by high-affinity ligands mediates immunosuppression in association with increased regulatory T cells (Tregs), making this transcription factor an attractive therapeutic target for autoimmune diseases. We recently discovered 10-chloro-7H-benzimidazo[2,1-a]benzo[de]iso-quinolin-7-one (10-Cl-BBQ), a nanomolar affinity(More)
T cells are required to maintain the latency of chronic infection with Toxoplasma gondii in the brain. Here, we examined the role of non-glutamic acid-leucine-arginine CXC chemokine CXCL9 for T-cell recruitment to prevent reactivation of infection with T. gondii. Severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice were infected and treated with sulfadiazine to(More)