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UNLABELLED The purpose of this study was to take advantage of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans to perform a whole-animal chemical screen to identify potential immune activators that may confer protection against bacterial infections. We identified 45 marketed drugs, out of 1,120 studied compounds, that are capable of activating a conserved p38/PMK-1(More)
We report the construction of a poliovirus genome [pPVM-VPg(3F4A)] harboring a double mutation in VPg. This mutant, in which the tyrosine and the threonine at residues 3 and 4 of the VPg region were replaced by phenylalanine and alanine, respectively, is lethal, that is, all RNA synthesis was abolished and no revertants could be isolated. Using the(More)
Increasing evidence indicates that immune responses to microbial infections may contribute to neurodegenerative diseases. Here, we show that Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection of Caenorhabditis elegans causes a number of neural changes that are hallmarks of neurodegeneration. Using an unbiased genetic screen to identify genes involved in the control of P.(More)
Amongst the picornaviruses, poliovirus encodes a single copy of the genome-linked protein, VPg wheras foot-and-mouth disease virus uniquely encodes three copies of VPg. We have previously shown that a genetically engineered poliovirus genome containing two tandemly arranged VPgs is quasi-infectious (qi) that, upon genome replication, inadvertently deleted(More)
Mercury toxicity mechanisms have the potential to induce DNA damage and disrupt cellular processes, like mitochondrial function. Proper mitochondrial function is important for cellular bioenergetics and immune signaling and function. Reported impacts of mercury on the nuclear genome (nDNA) are conflicting and inconclusive, and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)(More)
Genome replication of poliovirus, as yet unsolved, involves numerous viral polypeptides that arise from proteolysis of the viral polyprotein. One of these proteins is 3AB, an RNA-binding protein with multiple functions, that serves also as the precursor for the genome-linked protein VPg (= 3B). Eight clustered charged amino acid-to-alanine mutants in the(More)
The partially de-N-acetylated poly-β-1,6-N-acetyl-d-glucosamine (dPNAG) polymer serves as an intercellular biofilm adhesin that plays an essential role for the development and maintenance of integrity of biofilms of diverse bacterial species. Translocation of dPNAG across the bacterial outer membrane is mediated by a tetratricopeptide repeat-containing(More)
The innate immune system is the front line of host defense against microbial infections, but its rapid and uncontrolled activation elicits microbicidal mechanisms that have deleterious effects [1, 2]. Increasing evidence indicates that the metazoan nervous system, which responds to stimuli originating from both the internal and the external environment,(More)
Studies of the poliovirus genome-linked protein VPg have shown that this small viral protein is required for replication of virus-specific RNA (Q. Reuer, R. J. Kuhn, and E. Wimmer, J. Virol. 64:2967-2975, 1990). To understand the mechanism of RNA replication, we constructed a recombinant poliovirus genome encoding two tandemly arranged VPg coding sequences(More)