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Surface water and sediment samples concurrently collected in Songhua River in northeastern China from May to October 2006 were analyzed for Dechlorane Plus (DP), a chlorinated flame retardant. Samples were obtained from three main areas: SHR-Rul (rural area of Songhua River), SHR-Hrb (the section of the river within the city of Harbin), and Hrb (urban(More)
In multivariate calibration using a spectral dataset, it is difficult to optimize nonsystematic parameters in a quantitative model, i.e., spectral pretreatment, latent factors and variable selection. In this study, we describe a novel and systematic approach that uses a processing trajectory to select three parameters including different spectral(More)
A system which consists of chitosan (CS) microcores entrapped within enteric polymer is investigated. Vitamin D2 (VD2) used as a model drug, was efficiently entrapped in CS microcores using spray drying and was microencapsulated by coating of ethylcellulose. The morphology and release properties of microcapsules were tested. The factors which influenced the(More)
The feasibility of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) for chlorogenic acid content analysis in ethanol precipitation process of water extract of Lonicera japonica was verified in this work. A calibration and validation set was designed for the conception and evaluation of the method adequacy. An experimental protocol was then followed, involving two(More)
A methodology is proposed to estimate the multivariate detection limits (MDL) of on-line near-infrared (NIR) model in Chinese Herbal Medicines (CHM) system. In this paper, Lonicera japonica was used as an example, and its extraction process was monitored by on-line NIR spectroscopy. Spectra of on-line NIR could be collected by two fiber optic probes(More)
BACKGROUND Extraction process of dried flowers of formula particles should be investigated from lab investigation to pilot-scale because of good water absorbing capacity and obscure active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) dissolution. OBJECTIVE Reliable analysis of on-line near-infrared (NIR) technique and novel application in fascinating modern,(More)
The use of near infrared spectroscopy was investigated as a process analytical technology to monitor the amino acids concentration profile during hydrolysis process of Cornu Bubali. A protocol was followed, including outlier selection using relationship plot of residuals versus the leverage level, calibration models using interval partial least squares and(More)
Menthol (M) and platycodin D (PD) are the main active ingredients in Mentha haplocalyx and Platycodon grandiflorum A. DC., respectively. They are commonly used in combination in traditional Chinese medicine. In this study, laboratory experiments and computer simulations were used to investigate the solubilization of M by PD, which was believed to be one of(More)
Ginsenoside is an important class of saponin biosurfactant that is derived from ginseng. The interactions between ginsenoside Ro, Rb1, and Rg1 with saikosaponin a (SSa) were explored using multiscale methods. The order of interaction strength was found to be Ro>Rb1>Rg1. Ro markedly increased the solubility of SSa; however, Rb1 could only disperse SSa solid(More)
Platycodin, as a kind of plant based biosurfactants, are saponins which derived from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum A. DC. It has been confirmed that platycodin have the potential to enhance the solubility of hydrophobic drugs and function as the drug carrier, which depends on their micellization over critical micelle concentration (CMC) in aqueous(More)